Author + information
- David O. Williams, MD, FACC*,
- Raymon S. Riley, MD, FACC,
- Arun K. Singh, MD, FACC and
- Albert S. Most, MD, FACC
- ↵*Address for reprints: David O. Williams, MD, Division of Cardiology, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island 02902.
The hypothesis that successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty restores normal coronary circulatory dynamics was tested. Regional coronary blood flow, myocardial oxygen consumption and lactate extraction were measured at rest and during sustained pacing tachycardia. Before angioplasty, tachycardia stress was associated with an attenuated blood flow and oxygen consumption response and the induction of anaerobic metabolism. After successful angioplasty, blood flow and myocardial oxygen consumption increased during tachycardia stress and aerobic metabolism was sustained. The influence of basal alpha-adrenergic tone in modifying the time course of blood flow response to abrupt pacing was also assessed. Patients with normal coronary arteries demonstrated delayed increase in blood flow after alpha-adrenergic blockade. Alpha-adrenergic blockade did not affect the time course of blood flow response in patients with coronary artery disease, suggesting that alpha-adrenergic tone was chronically withdrawn. In patients undergoing coronary angioplasty, flow response before angioplasty was delayed, consistent with withdrawal of basal alpha-adrenergic tone. After coronary angioplasty, a brisk flow response was observed, indicating that basal alpha-adrenergic tone had been restored. Thus, successful coronary angioplasty restores the normal responsiveness of the coronary circulation.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation