Author + information
- Received September 21, 1982
- Revision received January 4, 1983
- Accepted January 10, 1983
- Published online June 1, 1983.
- Duarte B. Faria, MD,
- Wai-Man Cheung, MS,
- Lair G.T. Ribeiro, MD and
- Peter R. Maroko, MD, FACC*
- ↵*Address for reprints: Peter R. Maroko, MD, Deborah Cardiovascular Research Institute, Trenton Road, Browns Mills, New Jersey 08015.
Lidocaine has been shown to protect ischemic myocardium, but the degree of its effectiveness is not yet well established. Therefore, in this study, the effects of this drug on ultimate infarct size were examined quantitatively. Another member of the same class of drugs, droxicainide (ALS1249), DL-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-pipecolinyl-2,6-dimethylanilide hydrochloride, is a new antiar-rhythmic agent that has shown a good therapeutic index in the initial experimental studies. Accordingly, the effects of this drug on ultimate infarct size were examined and compared with those of lidocaine.
Coronary artery occlusion was performed on 29 dogs. One minute later, technetium-99m labeled microspheres were injected into the left atrium for assessment of the hypoperfused zone (the zone at risk of infarction). Fifteen minutes after occlusion, the dogs were randomized into three groups: 9 dogs served as a control group, 10 were given lidocaine and 10 were given the same dosage of droxicainide. Six hours after occlusion, the dogs were sacrificed and the hearts cut into 3 mm thick slices and incubated in triphenyltetrazolium chloride to delineate the area of myocardial damage. Autoradiography of the same slices provided images of the areas of myocardial hypoperfusion. Thereafter, in each dog, the percent of hypoperfused area that evolved to necrosis was calculated. In control dogs, it was 85.6 ± 2.0%; in lidocaine-treated dogs, 68.1 ± 4.1% (p < 0.01), a reduction of 20%; and in droxicainide-treated dogs, 50.1 ± 5.3%, a reduction of 41% (p < 0.001 versus control and p < 0.005 versus lidocaine).
- Received September 21, 1982.
- Revision received January 4, 1983.
- Accepted January 10, 1983.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation