Author + information
- Received September 19, 1986
- Revision received March 9, 1987
- Accepted April 3, 1987
- Published online September 1, 1987.
- David J. Wilber, MD*,2,1,
- Michael J. Davis, MD1,
- Marlon Rosenbaum, MD1,
- Jeremy N. Ruskin, MD, FACC1 and
- Hasan Garan, MD, FACC1
- ↵*Address for reprints: David J. Wilber, MD, Section of Cardiology. Loyola University Medical Center, 2160 South First Avenue, Maywood. Illinois 60153.
The incidence and determinants of multiple morphologically distinct ventricular tachycardias were examined prospectively in 71 consecutive patients with at least one documented spontaneous episode of sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia. Mean frontal and horizontal QRS axes were determined from the 12 lead electrocardiograms (ECGs) of 190 spontaneous and 352 induced tachycardias. Two or more morphologically distinct spontaneous tachycardias were observed in 19 (43%) of 44 patients who had at least two documented spontaneous episodes. In 43 (61 %) of the 71 patients, multiple morphologically distinct tachycardias were induced by programmed ventricular stimulation. Overall, 57 (80%) of the 71 patients had at least two morphologically distinct tachycardias.
Predictors of multiple tachycardia configurations were selected by multivariate analysis from clinical and angiographic variables and were similar for both spontaneous and induced ventricular tachycardia: presence of multiple previous myocardial infarctions (p = 0.032 spontaneous, p = 0.005 induced) and number of different antiarrhythmic drug treatments during which ventricular tachycardia was documented (p = 0.0089 spontaneous, p < 0.0001 induced). These data demonstrate that a large majority of patients with sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia exhibit more than one distinct QRS configuration when adequate ECG documentation of multiple episodes is obtained during different antiarrhythmic drug treatments. In individual patients, caution should be used in attributing clinical significance to a single unique QRS configuration.
- Received September 19, 1986.
- Revision received March 9, 1987.
- Accepted April 3, 1987.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation