Author + information
- Received April 21, 1987
- Revision received June 23, 1987
- Accepted July 7, 1987
- Published online December 1, 1987.
- Eric J. Topol, MD, FACC*,§,
- Eric R. Bates, MD, FACC*,
- Joseph A. Walton Jr., MD*,
- Gregory Baumann, MD†,
- Stanley Wolfe, MD, FACC‡,
- John Maino, MD†,
- Leonard Bayer, DO†,
- Laura Gorman, BS, RN*,
- Eva M. Kline, BS, RN*,
- William W. O’Neill, MD* and
- Bertram Pitt, MD, FACC*
- ↵§Address for reprints: Eric J. Topol, MD, Division of Cardiology, University of Michigan Medical Center, UH Bl F245, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-0022.
As an investigational fibrinolytic agent for acute myocardial infarction, intravenous recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) has been administered primarily in tertiary care and university centers. To determine the value of early initiation of such therapy, two satellite community hospital emergency rooms were established for use of rt-PA and the experience was compared among 142 consecutive patients who were transferred to a regional center for acute cardiac catheterization after intravenous rt-PA therapy. In Group I (n = 19), patients received rt-PA after interhospital transport to the regional center, but before cardiac catheterization. In Group II (n = 70), rt-PA therapy was initiated by the helicopter physician and nurse team after their arrival at the local community hospital emergency room. Group III patients (n = 53) had rt-PA administered in the local community hospital by the emergency room physician.
Group III patients had earlier initiation of therapy (2.1 ± 0.8 hours in Group III versus 3.8 ±1.2 hours in combined Groups I and II, p < 0.001) and an increased rate of infarct vessel recanalization on the 90 minute coronary angiogram (81 in Group III versus 67% in combined Groups I and II, p = 0.057). The patients in Group III had a higher acute left ventricular ejection fraction (54 ± 8% versus 50 ± 9.5% in combined Groups I and II, p < 0.01) and a trend toward an increased 7 day ejection fraction (55.5 ± 9% versus 51.7 ± 9.5%, respectively, p = 0.08).
In conclusion, community hospital administration of intravenous rt-PA in patients with acute myocardial infarction is safe, significantly minimizes the time delay of initiating therapy and is associated with improved fibrinolytic efficacy and global ventricular function.
- Received April 21, 1987.
- Revision received June 23, 1987.
- Accepted July 7, 1987.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation