Author + information
- Received June 8, 1987
- Revision received July 2, 1987
- Accepted August 27, 1987
- Published online February 1, 1988.
- Donald E. Rediker, MD,
- Peter C. Block, MD, FACC∗,
- Vivian M. Abascal, MD and
- Igor F. Palacios, MD, FACC
- ↵∗Address for reprints: Peter C. Block, MD. Cardiac Unit, Bulfinch 1, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114.
Mitral balloon valvuloplast was performed in 14 patients with recurrent mitral stenosis 16.9 ± 1.8 years (range 6 to 30) after surgical commissurotomy. There were 13 women and 1 man with a mean age of 55 ± 4 years (range 23 to 73). Mitral balloon valvuloplasty resulted in an increase in mitral valve area from 0.8 ± 0.1 to 1.7 ± 0.2 cm2(p = 0.001), a decrease in mean mitral diastolic pressure gradient from 15 ± 2 to 7 ± 1 mm Hg (p = 0.001) and an increase in cardiac output from 3.4 ± 0.3 to 3.9 ± 0.3 liters/min (p = 0.03). No deaths, strokes, vascular complications or conduction abnormalities were observed. Mitral regurgitation developed or increased in severity in seven patients (50%). There was no evidence of significant left to right shunt through the atrial septal puncture site after mitral balloon valvuloplasty.
A good result (defined as a mitral valve area >1.0 cm2, an increase in mitral valve area >25% and a mean gradient <10 mm Hg) was achieved in 9 (64%) of the 14 patients. A subgroup of four patients who had a superior result (increase in mitral valve area of 1.7 ± 0.2 versus 0.5 ± 0.1 cm2in the other 10 patients, p = 0.004) was identified. These patients had less echocardiographic evidence of rheumatic mitral valve damage and were the only patients who had sinus rhythm. They were also younger1, less debilitated and had a lower grade of fluoroscopic valve calcification compared with the other patients.
Thus, mitral balloon valvuloplasty is a safe and effective procedure for patients with recurrent mitral stenosis after surgical commissurotomy. A subgroup of younger patients, who have sinus rhythm and less echocardiographic evidence of rheumatic mitral valve damage, has the best outcome with mitral balloon valvuloplasty.
- Received June 8, 1987.
- Revision received July 2, 1987.
- Accepted August 27, 1987.