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- Received July 27, 1987
- Revision received February 16, 1988
- Accepted March 7, 1988
- Published online July 1, 1988.
It has been postulated that in cardiac tamponade, the hemodynamic effects of compression of the right heart chambers and great veins are more important than are the effects of left heart compression. In 10 anesthetized dogs with surgically compartmented pericardium, the hemodynamic effects of right atrial and right ventricular compression were compared with the hemodynamic effects of left atrial and left ventricular compression. The effects of right heart compression, left heart compression, and then effects of combined right and left heart compression, were compared at three levels of intrapericardial pressure: 10, 15 and 20 mm Hg.
Aortic mean pressure decreased significantly at each level of intrapericardial pressure with right-sided tamponade but not with left-sided temponade. left atril mean pressures decreased significantly with right-sided tamponade and increased with left-sided and combined tamponade. Right atrial mean pressures increased significantly with right-sided and combined tamponade, but not with left-sided tamponade. Heart rate increased significantly with each of the three varieties of tamponade. Cardiac output and stroke volume, which decreased with each variety of tamponade, were significantly lower during right-sided than during left-sided tamponade. Combined tamponade lowered stroke volume more than did right-sided tamponade, and lowered cardiac output more at 15 and 20 mm Hg intrapericardial pressure.
It is concluded that, in this preparation, right-sided cardiac compression has more important hemodynamic effects than does left-sided compression. However, left-sided tamponade still makes a significant contribution to the total hemodynamic picture of cardiac tamponade.
- Received July 27, 1987.
- Revision received February 16, 1988.
- Accepted March 7, 1988.