Author + information
- Received February 9, 1988
- Revision received August 2, 1988
- Accepted August 31, 1988
- Published online January 1, 1989.
- Minoru Hongo, MD∗,
- Tadashige Fujii, MD,
- Jiro Hirayama, MD,
- Osamu Kinoshita, MD,
- Masao Tanaka, MD and
- Shinichi Okubo, MD
- ↵∗Address for reprints: Minoru Hongo, MD, the First Department of Internal Medicine, Shinshu University School of Medicine, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto 390, Japan.
To assess left ventricular diastolic filling in amyloid heart disease, 17 patients with familial amyloid polyneuropathy and 20 normal subjects were examined by radionuclide angiography. None of the patients showed clinical evidence of restrictive cardiomyopathy. All but two patients had normal left ventricular ejection fraction. Peak filling rate was significantly lower and time to peak filling rate was significantly greater in patients than in normal subjects (2.60 ± 0.52 versus 3.10 ± 0.44 EDV/s, p < 0.001, and 215 ± 53 versus 147 ± 18 ms, p < 0.001, respectively). The mean left ventricular filling volume during rapid diastolic filling and atrial systole in patients was 54.5 ± 19.5% and 44.2 ± 21.6% of the stroke volume, respectively, compared with 83.8 ± 6.6% (p < 0.001) and 20.0 ± 6.0% (p < 0.001), respectively, in normal subjects.
Although 10 of the 14 patients without clinical evidence of overt heart disease had normal ventricular wall thickness as well as normal ejection fraction, 8 of the 10 showed abnormal diastolic filling. In patients with familial amyloid polyneuropathy, indexes of diastolic filling were significantly related to ventricular wall thickness alone. The incidence and magnitude of abnormalities in time to peak filling rate and contribution of rapid filling as well as atrial systole to ventricular filling increased with age and duration of illness.
Thus, abnormal diastolic filling can be seen even in the early stage of familial amyloid polyneuropathy and may be related to myocardial amyloid deposition as well as to fibrosis. Careful consideration should be given to age and duration of illness when diastolic filling is assessed in this disorder.
- Received February 9, 1988.
- Revision received August 2, 1988.
- Accepted August 31, 1988.