Author + information
- Received February 1, 1988
- Revision received October 12, 1988
- Accepted October 20, 1988
- Published online March 1, 1989.
- Peter C. Hanley, MD, FACC,
- Alan R. Zinsmeister, PHD,
- Ian P. Clements, MD, FACC,
- Alfred A. Bove, MD, PHD, FACC,
- Manuel L. Brown, MD and
- Raymond J. Gibbons, MD, FACC∗
- ↵∗Address for reprintsRaymond J. Gibbons, MD, Mayo Clinic, 200 Second Street Southwest, Rochester, Minnesota 55905.
This study examines the recently reported gender differences in cardiac responses to exercise. The study group consisted of 192 men and 67 women with a low probability of coronary artery disease who underwent supine exercise radionuclide angiography.
Men had a lower rest ejection fraction than that of women (0.63 versus 0.66, p = 0.02) and greater increases in ejection fraction with exercise (0.08 versus 0.02, p = 0.0001). The slope relating ejection fraction to metabolic equivalents of exercise (METs) was greater (p = 0.004) for men, even after adjustment for differences in rest ejection fraction and end-diastolic volume index. Compared with men, women had a smaller rest end-diastolic volume index (87 versus 97 ml/m2, p = 0.003) and a greater increase in end-diastolic volume index with exercise (6 versus −2 ml/m2, p = 0.002).
The slope relating end-diastolic volume to METs was greater for women, even after adjustment for differences in rest end-diastolic volume index and peak work load. There are clear gender differences in the supine exercise response of ejection fraction and end-diastolic volume that are not explained by differences in exercise capacity.
- Received February 1, 1988.
- Revision received October 12, 1988.
- Accepted October 20, 1988.