Author + information
- Received May 9, 1988
- Revision received December 7, 1988
- Accepted December 15, 1988
- Published online April 1, 1989.
- Robert B. Roth, MD,
- Igor F. Palacios, MD, FACC and
- Peter C. Block, MD, FACC∗
- ↵∗Address for reprints: Peter C. Block, MD, Cardiac Unit, Bulfinch 1, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114.
Seven patients with severe aortic stenosis underwent percutaneous aortic balloon valvuloplasty in preparation for major noncardiac surgery. There were four men and three women (mean age 82 ± 1.3 years, range 78 to 88). A significant reduction in the transaortic pressure gradient from 77 ± 7.8 to 31 ± 6.2 mm Hg (p = 0.002) and increase in calculated aortic valve area from 0.5 ± 0.1 to 1.0 ± 0.3 cm2 (p = 0.05) was noted. Three of the seven procedures were performed anterograde with use of transseptal puncture: two of the three because of abdominal aortic aneurysm and one because of peripheral vascular disease.
All seven patients underwent uncomplicated noncardiac surgery under general anesthesia 10 ± 4.3 days (range 0 to 29) after aortic valvuloplasty. One patient had exploratory laparotomy, one underwent stabilization of a hip fracture and two underwent resection of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Of the three other patients who underwent colectomy, one had repeat aortic valvuloplasty and repair of a hip fracture 7 months later and one required exploratory laparotomy without repeat valvuloplasty 7 weeks later.
Percutaneous aortic balloon valvuloplasty is an effective and safe procedure that may reduce the risk of general anesthesia and major noncardiac surgery in elderly patients with aortic stenosis.
- Received May 9, 1988.
- Revision received December 7, 1988.
- Accepted December 15, 1988.