Author + information
- Received June 13, 1988
- Revision received December 21, 1988
- Accepted January 18, 1989
- Published online June 1, 1989.
- Masahiro Shakudo, MD,
- Junichi Yoshikawa, MD∗,
- Kiyoshi Yoshida, MD and
- Yasuko Yamaura, MD
- ↵∗Address for reprints: Junichi Yoshikawa, MD, Department of Cardiology, Kobe General Hospital, Minatojima-nakamachi 4-6, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650, Japan.
Sixteen patients with coronary artery fistula proved by coronary angiography or surgery were studied using two-dimensional echocardiography and Doppler color flow mapping. The coronary artery fistula drained into the right atrium in 4 patients, the right ventricle in 2 and the pulmonary artery in 10. The dilated coronary artery was visualized in 7 of the 16 patients with a fistula, as compared with none of the 40 control subjects. These 7 patients included 5 of 6 patients with a fistula draining into the right atrium or right ventricle and only 2 of 10 patients with a fistula draining into the pulmonary artery. Abnormal flow signals in the dilated coronary artery were visualized with Doppler color flow mapping in five of these seven patients.
Color flow imaging visualized abnormal flow signals with mosaic appearance in the pulmonary artery in eight patients, the right atrium in four and the right ventricle in two. The chamber in which abnormal signals were detected corresponded with the entry site of the fistula by angiography. Intraoperative imaging during surgical repair was needed in two cases to confirm ligation of all arteries feeding into the fistula network.
In conclusion, Doppler color flow imaging is diagnostically useful to visualize shunt flows originating from the opening or exit of a coronary artery fistula. Furthermore, intraoperative use of this technique may provide confirmation of successful surgical ligation of the fistula.
- Received June 13, 1988.
- Revision received December 21, 1988.
- Accepted January 18, 1989.