Author + information
- Received September 19, 1988
- Revision received December 8, 1988
- Accepted January 6, 1989
- Published online July 1, 1989.
- John A. Rumberger, PHD MD FACC∗,1,
- Robert M. Weiss, MD,
- Andrew J. Feiring, MD FACC1,
- William Stanford, MD,
- Zina D. Hajduczok, MD,
- Karim Rezai, MD and
- Melvin L. Marcus, MD FACC
The detailed evaluation of regional diastolic filling at multiple ventricular levels in the normal human left ventricle has not previously been reported. Ultrafast computed tomography was used to characterize global and regional early diastolic filling in the left ventricle of 11 normal male volunteers. Regional early diastolic filling data from six distinct ventricular levels (apex to base) were fit to a third-order polynomial curve, and the peak rate of diastolic filling and time of peak filling were determined. Peak filling rate was 259 ± 17 ml/s (±SEM) as a global average, where peak filling rate referenced to end-diastolic volume and stroke volume across the levels examined was 3.78 ± 0.17 s−and 4.83 ± 0.20 s−respectively. Average filling fraction was 39 ± I%, and time to peak filling from end-systole was 145 ± 5 ms.
Regional (tomographic) peak filling rates, except for the most apical level examined, were not statistically different across the ventricle. Filling fraction and time to peak filling were remarkably constant from one level to another. However, reference of regional peak filling rate to regional end-diastolic volume demonstrated significant nonuniformity from apex (120% of average for all levels) to base (87% of average for all levels). Peak filling rate referenced to tomographic stroke volume was less variable and not statistically different across the ventricle as a whole.
In conclusion, values of regional absolute early peak diastolic ventricular filling rate or values normalized for regional end-diastolic volume are characteristically nonuniform across the left ventricle, whereas other variables such as filling fraction, time to peak filling and regional peak filling rate referenced to regional stroke volume are highly uniform. This confirms an intimate relation between rates of regional diastolic filling and regional ventricular size and stroke volume in the normal human heart.
↵∗ Present address and address for reprints: John A. Rumberger, PhD, MD, Department of Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine. Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street Southwest, Rochester. Minnesota 55905.
↵1 Drs. Rumberger and Feiring are recipients of Clinician Scientist Award from the American Heart Association, Dallas, Texas.
☆ This study was supported by Grant HL20827 from the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, Ischemic Specialized Center of Research grant HL32295 and support from Imatron, Incorporated, South San Francisco, California.
- Received September 19, 1988.
- Revision received December 8, 1988.
- Accepted January 6, 1989.