Author + information
- Received October 21, 1988
- Revision received December 28, 1988
- Accepted February 3, 1989
- Published online July 1, 1989.
- John A. Bittl, MD FACC∗,1,
- Satinder J.S. Bhatia, MD,
- Ted Plappert, CVT,
- Peter Ganz, MD,
- Martin G.St John Sutton, MD FACC and
- Andrew P. Selwyn, MD FACC
- ↵∗Address for reprints: John A. Bittl, MD, Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.
Peak left ventricular pressure during balloon inflation was measured in 20 patients who underwent balloon valvuloplasty for severe aortic stenosis to define the determinants of ventricular pressure development in response to increased loading conditions. The peak left ventricular pressure ranged from 150 ± 5 to 386 ± 22 mm Hg (mean ± Sl), was reproducible in each patient with each balloon inflation (mean coefficient of variation 7.8%) and correlated with concurrent echocardiographic measurements of ejection fraction (r = 0.89, p = 0.0001) and mass/volume ratio in systole (r = 0.91, p = 0.0001) or diastole (r = 0.88, p = 0.0001). Thirteen patients with class II or more severe congestive heart failure had lower values for peak left ventricular pressure than did those without failure (225 ± 46 versus 305 ± 45 mm Hg, p = 0.002), whereas no difference in rest left ventricular systolic pressure was seen between the two groups. The measurement of peak left ventricular pressure was inversely related to rest mean circumferential end-systolic wall stress (r = 0.52, p = 0.046).
Thus, peak left ventricular systolic pressure measured during aortic valvuloplasty in humans correlates closely with traditional measures of left ventricular function. This measurement, which previously has been obtained only in experimental animal studies, is a simple and reproducible hemodynamic index that may provide new insights in studies of ventricular function and congestive heart failure in aortic stenosis.
- Received October 21, 1988.
- Revision received December 28, 1988.
- Accepted February 3, 1989.