Author + information
- Received December 14, 1988
- Revision received January 18, 1989
- Accepted January 26, 1989
- Published online July 1, 1989.
- Antonis S. Manolis, MD FACC,
- Hassan Rastegar, MD,
- Douglas Payne, MD,
- Richard Cleveland, MD and
- N.A. Mark Estes, MD FACC∗
- ↵∗Address for reprints: N. A. Mark Estes 111, MD, Cardiac Electrophysiology and Pacemaker Laboratory, Box 197, Tufts-New England Medical Center, 750 Washington Street. Boston, Massachusetts 02111.
Surgical therapy with mapping-guided subendocardial resection was used in 30 patients with drug-refractory ventricular tachycardia. Results of preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative electrophysiologic evaluation and long-term clinical follow-up are reported. Left ventricular aneurysm was located in the inferior wall in 8 patients and in the anterior wall in 22. Left ventricular mapping was performed in 15 patients preoperatively and in all 30 patients intraoperatively. Subendocardial resection was supplemented with cryoablation in 26 patients and with laser photocoagulation in 4. Coronary bypass surgery was performed in 27 patients. The surgical mortality rate was 10%; the three deaths were due to cardiogenic shock, pneumonia and sepsis, respectively.
At postoperative electrophysiologic study, ventricular tachycardia was inducible in 8 (30%) of 27 patients. previously ineffective antiarrhythmic drugs were effective in preventing the induction of ventricular tachycardia in four of these eight patients. Two of the remaining four patients received an automatic implantable cardioverterdefibrillator; the other two were treated with amiodarone. At a mean follow-up period of 18 ± 17 months (range 1 to 52), there has been one sudden death and one nonfatal recurrence of ventricular tachycardia in the 18 patients without inducible arrhythmias postoperatively. Among the eight patients with inducible ventricular tachycardia after subendocardial resection, there has been one nonfatal ventricular tachycardia recurrence.
Thus, among the 27 patients surviving surgery, 17 (63%) were cured with surgery alone, and another 7 (26%) had their ventricular tachycardia controlled with drugs (n = 5) or the defibrillator (n = 2). Inability to completely map the tachycardia, a clinical history of cardiac arrest requiring resuscitation and the presence of myocardial infarction within 2 months predicted postoperative arrhythmia inducibility and recurrence.
- Received December 14, 1988.
- Revision received January 18, 1989.
- Accepted January 26, 1989.