Author + information
- Received November 14, 1988
- Revision received April 5, 1989
- Accepted May 1, 1989
- Published online November 1, 1989.
- Satoshi Hashimoto, MD∗,
- Toshiaki Kumada, MD, FACC∗,
- Genta Osakada, MD∗,
- Shigeru Kubo, MT†,
- Shingo Tokunaga, MD†,
- Shunichi Tamaki, MD†,
- Arid Yamazato, MD†,
- Kazunobu Nishimura, MD‡,
- Toshihiko Ban, MD‡ and
- Chuichi Kawai, MD, FACC∗∗
- ↵∗Address for reprints:Chuichi Kawai, MD, Third Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606, Japan.
To assess the clinical value of transesophageal Doppler echography in the diagnosis of dissecting aortic aneurysm, both transesophageal and conventional echograms were performed in 22 cases of dissecting aortic aneurysm. Of the 22 patients, 17 underwent angiography; 8, X-ray computed tomography; 4, both; and 12, surgery. The performance of each method was assessed in the following four segments: A, ascending aorta; B, aortic arch; C, thoracic descending aorta; and D, upper abdominal aorta. The results by angiography were presumed to be correct.
In the group of 17 patients who underwent angiography, the rate of correct detection of an intimal flap using the transesophageal approach was 100% in all four segments, significantly better than detection by the conventional approach (segment A, 65%; segment B, 47%; segment C, 35%; segment D, 53%) (p < 0.01), and the rate of correct detection of the entry sites using the transesophageal approach was 100%, significantly better than that by conventional approach (42%) (p < 0.05). X-ray computed tomography was not capable of detecting the site of entry in all cases.
The presence of thrombus, aortic regurgitation and pericardial hemorrhage were all revealed clearly by the transesophageal approach, and the results were partly proved by other methods.
In conclusion, transesophageal Doppler echography provides a rapid and accurate method of diagnosing and evaluating dissecting aortic aneurysm and permits prompt initiation of appropriate treatment.
- Received November 14, 1988.
- Revision received April 5, 1989.
- Accepted May 1, 1989.