Author + information
- Received July 5, 1989
- Revision received November 1, 1989
- Accepted November 22, 1989
- Published online April 1, 1990.
- Albrecht Breitenbücher, MD,
- Matthias Pfisterer, MD, FACC,
- Andreas Hoffmann, MD and
- Dieter Burckhardt, MD∗
- ↵∗Address for reprints: Dieter Burckhardt, MD, Professor of Cardiology, Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital, CH-4031 Basel, Switzerland.
A retrospective 5 year follow-up study was performed in 140 patients with unequivocal ischemia during exercise radionuclide angiography (≥10% decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction or ≥5% decrease in ejection fraction together with a distinct regional wall motion abnormality). In 84 patients (60%), ischemia during radionuclide angiography was silent (silent ischemia group), whereas 56 patients experienced angina during the test (symptomatic group). Work load and antianginal medication were similar in both groups.
Critical cardiac events (unstable angina, myocardial infarction, cardiac death) occurred in 27% of patients in the silent ischemia group and 16% of those in the symptomatic group (p = NS); however, myocardial infarction or death was more frequent in patients with silent ischemia (22% versus 9%; p < 0.05). If there was additional exercise-induced ST segment depression, the rate of critical events was further increased (p < 0.05). The difference in critical cardiac events seemed to be influenced by the higher incidence of revascularization procedures in symptomatic patients, whereas medical therapy had no similar effect.
Thus, these findings suggest that patients with documented severe ischemia should undergo left heart catheterization and revascularization irrespective of symptoms to improve their prognosis.
- Received July 5, 1989.
- Revision received November 1, 1989.
- Accepted November 22, 1989.