Author + information
- Received July 6, 1989
- Revision received December 20, 1989
- Accepted January 5, 1990
- Published online June 1, 1990.
- Kodangudi B. Ramanathan, MD, FACC∗∗,
- Roger Vander Zwaag, PhD†,
- Frank W. Kroetz, MD, FACC, ††,
- Jay M. Sullivan, MD, FACC∗ and
- David M. Mirvis, MD∗,‡
- ↵∗Address for reprints: David M. Mirvis, MD, 956 Court Avenue, Room F208, Memphis, Tennessee 38163.
The effect of age at the time of coronary artery bypass graft surgery on postoperative survival was studied in 2,507 patients with significant coronary artery disease. Patients were subdivided into five groups based on age at the time of surgery: 20 to 39, 40 to 49, 50 to 59, 60 to 69 and ≥70 years. The observed death rate was compared with that expected for subjects from the general U.S. population matched for age, gender, race and calendar year.
For patients ≤59 years of age, the ratio of observed to expected death rates was significantly greater than unity (observed/expected = 4.9 for ages 20 to 39,1.9 for ages 40 to 49 and 1.3 for ages 50 to 59 years, p < 0.01). The prevalence of risk factors, including diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and cigarette smoking, was evaluated in the different age subgroups. When patients were subdivided on the basis of history of cigarette smoking, the decreased relative survival rate of younger (<60 years old) patients existed only in those who smoked observed/expected = 6.0 for ages 20 to 39, 2.2 for ages 40 to 49 and 1.4 for ages 50 to 59 years). In nonsmokers, observed/expected ratios for every age group were not significantly different from unity.
Thus, the reduced relative survival rate of younger patients after coronary artery bypass graft surgery may be attributed to the interactive harmful effects of cigarette smoking.
- Received July 6, 1989.
- Revision received December 20, 1989.
- Accepted January 5, 1990.