Author + information
- Received October 10, 1989
- Revision received January 10, 1990
- Accepted February 12, 1990
- Published online July 1, 1990.
- Gary J. Balady, MD, FACC∗,
- Donald A. Weiner, MD, FACC,
- Linda Rose, BS,
- Thomas J. Ryan, MD, FACC and
- Madeline Erario, BS
- ↵∗Address for reprints: Gary J. Balady, MD, Section of Cardiology, The University Hospital, 88 East Newton Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02118.
Arm ergometry exercise testing is a valuable alternative method used in the evaluation and management of patients with both cardiac disease and lower limb impairment. The purpose of this study is to provide information concerning the physiologic responses of normal healthy subjects to arm ergometry relative to age and gender, which could serve as a standard for comparison. Eighty healthy subjects (age 22 to 59 years) cycled at 75 to 80 rpm (on a bicycle adapted for arm ergometry) starting at a power output of 10 W, increasing at 10 W/2 min until exhaustion.
Sixty subjects were classified on the basis of age into three groups, each with 10 men and 10 women. Men achieved significantly (p < 0.001) higher power output (95 ± 25 W) and oxygen consumption (20.7 ± 3.9 ml/kg per min) than did women (56 ± 19 W and 15.5 ± 3.1 ml/kg per min, respectively). The heart rate response to total body oxygen demand during arm ergometry was significantly higher in women than in men (p < 0.001). These findings were also present when men and women of each age group were analyzed separately. Older subjects reached a significantly (p < 0.02) lower peak power output than did younger subjects although they reached a similar level of oxygen consumption.
Separate regression equations for predicting oxygen consumption at each power output were formulated for men and women and validated in 20 other subjects. Small differences in measured and predicted oxygen consumption at each stage were found. These data provide additional information concerning arm ergometry testing and should prove useful in diagnostic exercise testing and cardiac rehabilitation.
with the technical assistance of
☆ This study was presented in part at the 62nd Annual Scientific Session of the American Heart Association, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 1989.
- Received October 10, 1989.
- Revision received January 10, 1990.
- Accepted February 12, 1990.