Author + information
- Received August 20, 1990
- Revision received October 24, 1990
- Accepted November 14, 1990
- Published online April 1, 1991.
- Kenneth A. Brown, MD, FACC∗
- ↵∗Address for reprints: Kenneth A. Brown, MD, Cardiology Unit, Medical Center Hospital of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05401.
Although the prognostic value of thallium-201 imaging is well established, its ability to risk stratify patients who present with unstable angina is unclear. Fifty-two consecutive patients admitted with unstable angina who responded to medical treatment and underwent stress thallium-201 imaging within 1 week of discharge were studied. Patients were followed up for 39 ± 11 months. Cardiac events included cardiac death (n = 3), nonfatal myocardial infarction (n = 4) and admission for unstable angina or revascularization (n = 17).
The ability of thallium-201 data (redistribution, fixed defects, normal) to predict cardiac events was compared with clinical data (age, gender, prior myocardial infarction, anginal syndrome, rest and stress electrocardiogram) and cardiac catheterization data using logistic regression. Thallium-201 redistribution was the only significant predictor of cardiac death or nonfatal myocardial infarction (p < 0.05). The number of myocardial segments with thallium-201 redistribution (p < 0.0005) and a history of prior myocardial infarction (p < 0.05) were the only significant predictors of all cardiac events. Cardiac death or nonfatal myocardial infarction occurred more frequently in patients with thallium-201 redistribution (6 [26%] of 23) than in those without redistribution (1 [3%] of 29, p < 0.05). Similarly, total cardiac events developed more frequently in patients with thallium-201 redistribution (p < 0.001).
Stress thallium-201 imaging has important prognostic value in patients admitted with unstable angina who respond to medical therapy and can identify subgroups at high versus low risk for future cardiac events.
- Received August 20, 1990.
- Revision received October 24, 1990.
- Accepted November 14, 1990.