Author + information
- Received February 19, 1991
- Revision received April 30, 1991
- Accepted May 17, 1991
- Published online November 1, 1991.
- Nancy D. Bridges, MD∗,a,b,
- Stanton B. Perry, MDa,b,
- Ira Parness, MDa,b,
- John F. Keane, MDa,b and
- James E. Lock, MD, FACCa,b
- ↵∗Address for reprints: Nancy D. Bridges, MD, Cardiology Department, Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02131.
In 14 patients undergoing transcatheter closure of a large (>4 mm diameter) patent ductus arteriosus, occlusion was attempted with use of the Bard Clamshell septal umbrella. Patient age ranged from 0.7 to 30.4 years. Isolated patent ductus arteriosus was present in 11 patients; 3 had additional congenital heart lesions. Moderate or severe pulmonary hypertension was present in four patients. The diameter of the patent ductus arteriosus ranged from 4.5 to 14 mm, as determined by contrast injection through an 11F sheath or by balloon sizing; it appeared larger by this method than by the standard angiographic method.
All 14 patent ductus arteriosi were successfully closed. Prior embolization of a Rashkind umbrella was the reason for using a Clamshell device in three patients; one additional embolization of a Clamshell device occurred. All errant devices were retrieved at cardiac catheterization, without associated hemodynamic instability. No other complications occurred. Among the 14 patients, 11 had complete ductal closure by Doppler color flow mapping at last follow-up and 3 had trivial residual Row. All four patients having associated complex lesions or pulmonary hypertension, or both, had symptomatic improvement after the procedure, although one child (with Shone's anomaly) died 3 months later.
The Clamshell device provides stable and effective closure of a large patent ductus arteriosus, and allows transcatheter closure to be offered to some patients who were previously considered unsuitable for this procedure.
- Received February 19, 1991.
- Revision received April 30, 1991.
- Accepted May 17, 1991.