Author + information
- Received December 27, 1990
- Revision received June 20, 1991
- Accepted July 3, 1991
- Published online December 1, 1991.
- ↵∗Address for reprints: Christian de Chillou, MD, Service de Cardiologie du Pr E. Aliot. 29 Av du Mal de Lattre de Tassigny, 54000 Nancy, France.
To determine the natural history of late potentials on the signal-averaged electrocardiogram (ECG), multivariate analysis was performed in 167 patients (138 men, 29 women) with a first anterior or inferior acute myocardial infarction. Seventy-four patients received thrombolytic therapy; the remaining 93 patients were treated conventionally. All patients underwent coronary angiography, left ventricular ejection fraction determination and signal-averaged ECG recording.
Eight variables thought to be correlated with the presence of late potentials were studied; that is, age, infarct location, number of diseased coronary vessels, left ventricular ejection fraction, infarct-related coronary artery patency, treatment received, delay between admission and signal-averaged recording and delay between admission and coronary angiography. Statistical analysis showed that two independent factors (coronary artery occlusion and impaired left ventricular ejection fraction) were highly correlated with the incidence of late potentials. The occurrence of late potentials was multiplied by 5 in case of an occluded infarct-related vessel and by 1.75 each time the left ventricular ejection fraction value decreased by 0.10.
This study suggests that coronary artery patency is the most important factor that decreases the rate of late potentials after a first acute myocardial infarction and it occurs independently of infarct location and left ventricular function.
- Received December 27, 1990.
- Revision received June 20, 1991.
- Accepted July 3, 1991.