Author + information
- Received February 19, 1991
- Revision received May 28, 1991
- Accepted June 19, 1991
- Published online December 1, 1991.
- Antoon E. Weyne, MD∗,
- Marc L. De Buyzere, BSc,
- Frank R. Bauwens, MD and
- Denis L. Clement, MD, FACC
- ↵∗Present address and address for reprints: Antoon E. Weyne, MD, Department of Cardiology, St. Martin's Hospital, Burgemeester Vercruysselaan 5, B-8500 Kortrijk, Belgium.
The optimal number and placement of elctrocardiographic (ECG) leads to detect myocardial ischemia induced by coronary balloon inflation was assessed by analyzing ST segment changes in the standard 12-lead ECG and Frank X,Y,Z leads at 90-s intervals during 34 consecutive coronary angioplasty procedures. Mean occlusion time during angioplasty was 218 ± 65 s.
Myocardial ischemia, defined as transient angina or ST segment deviation ≥1 mm in at least one lead, occurred in 33 (97%) of the 34 procedures. The most sensitive single leads (V2or V3) detected 17 (51%) of 33 ischemic episodes. The best dual-lead combinations (leads V2and V5, leads aVF and V3and leads V3and Y) increased the sensitivity to 69% (23 of 33). The three-lead combination V2, V5, Y had the highest detecting power (78% [26 of 33]). The X,Y,Z leads by themselves had a sensitivity of only 60% (20 of 33).
From this proposed orthogonal lead system (V2,V5,Y). which combines anteroposterior (V2), left to right (V5) and inferosuperior (Y) forces, the spatial ST vector magnitude was calculated and monitored during balloon inflations. A good correlation was observed between this ST vector magnitude and the sum of ST deviations on the standard ECG (r = 0.940, p < 0.00001), and these data were reproducible over sequential balloon inflations.
The results of the study suggest that this orthogonal lead system is of considerable valve in the detection and quantification of acute myocardial ischemia and, in this respect, is more useful than the Frank orthogonal vector system.
- Received February 19, 1991.
- Revision received May 28, 1991.
- Accepted June 19, 1991.