Author + information
- Received April 13, 1983
- Revision received June 13, 1983
- Accepted June 15, 1983
- Published online November 1, 1983.
- Ioannis P. Panidis, MD,
- Jian-Fang Ren, MD,
- Morris N. Kotler, MD, FACC*,
- Gary Mintz, MD, FACC,
- Abdulmassih Iskandrian, MD, FACC,
- John Ross, RCPT and
- Sally Kane, RN
- ↵*Address for reprints: Morris N. Kotler, MD, Hahnemann University, 230 N. Broad Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19102.
Two-dimensional echocardiographic determination of right ventricular ejection fraction was compared with right ventricular ejection fraction obtained by first pass radionuclide angiography in 39 patients with coronary artery disease. Apical four chamber and two chamber right ventricular views were obtained in 34 (87%) of the 39 patients, while a subcostal four chamber view was obtained in 31 patients (80%). Right ventricular ejection fraction by two-dimensional echocardiography was calculated by the biplane area-length and Simpson's rule methods using two paired orthogonal views and utilizing a computerized light-pen method for tracing the right ventricular endocardium. A good correlation (r = 0.74 to 0.78) was found between radionuclide angiographic and two-dimensional echocardiographic right ventricular ejection fraction for each method used. Patients with acute inferior myocardial infarction had the lowest right ventricular ejection fraction by radionuclide angiography and two-dimensional echocardiography (p < 0.05 compared with patients with right coronary artery obstruction and no infarction). There were no differences in right ventricular ejection fraction between patients with acute and old inferior myocardial infarction by both techniques. No correlation was found between left and right ventricular ejection fraction by radionuclide angiography (r = 0.16).
It is concluded that 1) right ventricular ejection fraction by two-dimensional echocardiography correlates well with radionuclide angiographic measurements and can reliably evaluate right ventricular function in coronary artery disease, 2) patients with inferior myocardial infarction have reduced right ventricular ejection fraction, and 3) changes in left ventricular ejection fraction do not directly influence right ventricular function.
- Received April 13, 1983.
- Revision received June 13, 1983.
- Accepted June 15, 1983.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation