Author + information
- Michael Oeff, MD∗,
- Joseph A. Abbott, MD, FACC,
- Elan D. Scheinman, BA,
- Edward S. Yee, MD, FACC,
- Melvin M. Scheinman, MD, FACC and
- Jerry C. Griffin, MD, FACC
- ↵∗Address for correspondence: Michael Oeff, MD, Klinikum Steglitz, Freie Universität Berlin, Cardiopulmonary Department, Hindenburgdamm 30, D 1000 Berlin 45, Germany.
Cardioverter-defibrillator implantation in 22 consecutive patients after aborted sudden cardiac death was followed by prospective determination of the correct anatomic position of epicardial patch electrodes by chest X-ray study and cine computed tomography; the data were compared with the defibrillation threshold obtained intraoperatively. Patch electrode position was qualitatively graded. Computed tomography improved the assessment as compared with X-ray study in 13 patients (59%), visualizing electrodes in relation to the underlying myocardial and vascular structures. Although the computed tomographic technique provided more precise visualization, its grading of patch position correlated as poorly as that of the X-ray study with the measured acute defibrillation threshold.
Three-dimensional reconstruction by computed tomography made it possible to determine quantitatively left ventricular mass (free wall and septum) and the mass encompassed by the patch electrodes. The 34.6 ± 13.7% (range 12.6 to 61.1%) of the left ventricular mass encompassed by both patch electrodes showed a linear relation to the defibrillation threshold (r = 0.64, p = 0.01). Differentiation of free wall and septal mass in these measurements revealed that the proportion of septal mass encompassed by patch electrodes correlated closely with the defibrillation threshold (r = −0.6, p = 0.019), whereas that of the free wall mass, although significantly larger (35.4 ± 15.8 vs. 20.6 ± 15.4 g, p = 0.007), did not.
Thus, the position of epicardial patch electrodes could be reliably determined by computed tomography. Although the tomographically measured fraction of left ventricular mass encompassed by patch electrodes was predictive of defibrillation threshold, for achievement of a low threshold, it was more important to include the interventricular septal mass than the free wall mass.
- Received July 24, 1991.
- Revision received January 28, 1992.