Author + information
- Received July 29, 1991
- Revision received February 5, 1992
- Accepted February 29, 1992
- Published online August 1, 1992.
- ↵∗Present address and address for correspondence: Wing-Hung Leung, MD, Cardiology Division, University Department of Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong.
Objectives. This study was designed to evaluate the relation between the severity of the residual stenosis of the infarct-related artery and changes in left ventricular volume and function after a first anterior myocardial infarction.
Background. Although thrombolytic therapy improves clinical outcome after acute myocardial infarction, the relations between the severity of the residual stenosis of the infarct-related artery and postinfarction left ventricular remodeling and function are unclear.
Methods. Fifty-eight patients with a first anterior myocardial infarction and significant disease only in the left anterior descending coronary artery on arteriography performed after 7 to 10 days were evaluated. All patients received thrombolytic therapy. Residual stenosis of the infarct-related artery was measured with quantitative coronary arteriography. Left ventricular volumes and ejection fraction were measured by echocardiography and radionuclide angiography, respectively, 7 to 10 days, 6 months and 1 year after infarction. End-diastolic and end-systolic left ventricular volumes were measured by two-dimensional echocardiography and normalized to body surface area. Patients were classified into three groups according to baseline residual stenosis severity: total occlusion (Group I), minimal lesion diameter <15 mm (Group II) and minimal diameter ≥1.5 mm (Group III).
Results. Group I patients had significantly greater left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes at 6 months and 1 year than did the other groups. Group II patients had greater end diastolic and end-systolic volumes than did Group III patients at 1 year. In addition, Group 1 patients had a lower ejection fraction at 1 year than that of the other groups. The minimal lesion diameter was significantly correlated with percent change in end-diastolic volume at 1 year.
Conclusions. The severity of the baseline residual stenosis of the infarct-related artery is an important predictor of change in left ventricular volumes in the 1st year after infarction. Tolal occlusion of the infarct-related artery is associated with greater left ventricular dilation and functional impairment.
☆ This study was presented in part in the 64th Annual Scientific Sessions of the American Heart Association, Anaheim, California, November 1991.
- Received July 29, 1991.
- Revision received February 5, 1992.
- Accepted February 29, 1992.