Author + information
- Received January 16, 1992
- Revision received March 13, 1992
- Accepted March 18, 1992
- Published online November 1, 1992.
- Lois M. Sheldahl, PhD∗∗,†,
- Nancy A. Wilke, BA∗,
- Sara M. Dougherty, MS†,
- Scot G. Levandoski, MS†,‡,
- Martin D. Hoffman, MD∗,† and
- Felix E. Tristani, MD,FACC∗,†
- ↵∗Address for correspondence: Lois M. Sheldahl, PhD, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, IIIR, 5000 West National Avenue, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53295.
Objectives. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of age and coronary artery disease on responses to snow shoveling.
Background. Little information is available on the hemodynamic and metabolic responses to snow shoveling.
Methods. Sixteen men with asymptomatic coronary artery disease and relatively good functional work capacity, 13 older normal men and 12 younger normal men shoveled snow at a self-paced rate. Oxygen consumption, heart rate and blood pressure were determined. In nine men with coronary artery disease left ventricular ejection fraction was evaluated with an ambulatory radionucilde recorder.
Results. Oxygen consumption during snow shoveling differed (p < 0.05) among groups; it was lowest (18.5 ± 0.8 ml/kg per min) in those with coronary artery disease, intermediate (22.2 ± 0.9 ml/kg/min) in older normal men and highest (25.6 ± 1.3 ml/kg/min) in younger normal men. Percent peak treadmill oxygen consumption and heart rate with shoveling in the three groups ranged from 60% to 68% and 75% to 78%, respectively. Left ventricular ejection fraction and frequency of arrhythmias during shoveling were similar to those during treadmill testing.
Conclusions. During snow shoveling 1) the rate of energy expenditure selected varied in relation to each man's peak oxygen consumption; 2) older and younger normal men and asymptomatic men with coronary artery disease paced themselves at similar relative work intensities; 3) the work intensity selected represented hard work but was within commonly recommended criteria for aerobic exercise training; and 4) arrhythmias and left ventricular ejection fraction were similar to those associated with dynamic exercise.
☆ This study was supported by a Research Demonstration Program Grant, Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, D.C.
- Received January 16, 1992.
- Revision received March 13, 1992.
- Accepted March 18, 1992.