Author + information
- Received December 16, 1991
- Revision received May 13, 1992
- Accepted May 19, 1992
- Published online December 1, 1992.
- Tatsuji Kono, MD,
- Hani N. Sabbah, PhD, FACC∗,
- Howard Rosman, MD, FACC,
- Mohsin Alam, MD, FACC,
- Syed Jafri, MD, FACC and
- Sidney Goldstein, MD, FACC
- ↵∗Address for corrsepondence: Hani N. Sabbah, PhD, Henry Ford Hospital, 2799 West Grand Boulevard, Detroit, Michigan 48202.
Objectives. The aim of this study was to examine the temporal association between the onset of functional mitral regurgitation and the development of changes in left ventricular shape, chamber enlargement, mitral anulus dilation and regional wall motion abnormalities during the course of evolving heart failure.
Background. Despite extensive characterization, the exact etiology of functional mitral regurgitation in patients with chronic heart failure remains unknown.
Methods. Heart failure was produced in seven dogs by multiple sequential intracoronary microembolizations. Serial changes in left ventricular chamber volume and shape were evaluated from ventriculograms. Changes in mitral anulus diameter and ventricular regional wall motion abnormalities were evaluated echocardiographically. The presence and severity of mitral regurgitation were determined with Doppler color flow mapping. Measurements were obtained at baseline and then biweekly until mitral regurgitation was first observed.
Results. No dag had mitral regurgitation at baseline but all developed mild to moderate regurgitation 12 ± 1 weeks after the first embolization. The onset of mitral regurgitation was not associated with an increase in left ventricular end-diastolic volume relative to baseline (58 ± 3 vs. 62 ± 3 ml), mitral anulus diameter (2.4 ± O.1 vs. 2.4 ± 0.1 cm) or wall motion abnormalities of left ventricular wall segments overlying the papillary muscles. In contrast, the onset of mitral regurgitation was accompanied by significant changes in global left ventricular shape evidenced by increased end-systolic chamber sphericity index (0.22 ± 0.02 vs. 0.30 ± 0.01) (p < 0.01) and decreased end-systolic major axis/ minor axis ratio (1.71 ± 0.05 vs. 1.43 ± 0.04) (p < 0.001).
Conclusions. These data indicate that transformation of left ventricular shape (increased chamber sphericity) is the most likely substrate for the development of functional mitral regurgitation.
- Received December 16, 1991.
- Revision received May 13, 1992.
- Accepted May 19, 1992.