Author + information
- Received March 19, 1992
- Revision received July 13, 1992
- Accepted July 21, 1992
- Published online February 1, 1993.
- Vivekanand Allada, MD∗,1,
- Jay M. Jarmakani, MD, FACC,
- Ronald W. Day, MD,
- Alvaro Galindo, MD and
- Josephine B. Isabel-Jones, MD, FACC
- ↵∗Address for correspondence: Vivekanand Allada, MD, University of California, Los Angeles Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics/Cardiology, B2-427, MDCC, 10833 Le Conte Avenue, Los Angeles, California 90024.
Objectives. This study was designed to evaluate the accuracy and safety of selective anterograde coronary arteriography for the identification of the origin and branching pattern of the three main coronary arteries in neonates with d-transposition of the great arteries.
Background. Definition of coronary artery anatomy is important in neonates with d-transposition of the great arteries who are considered for the arterial switch operation. Balloon occlusion bortography defines coronary artery anatomy in most but not all cases. We have described a technique for selective anterograde coronary arteriography.
Methods. Between March 1987 and May 1991, 17 neonates underwent selective anterograde coronary arteriography and 29 patients had balloon occlusion aortography. After venous access was gained, a mesenteric catheter was used to engage the coronary ostia for contrast injection. All angiograms were reviewed by three independent observers and the coronary artery diagnoses were compared with operative findings. Complications with the catheterization procedure were also recorded.
Results. The accuracy of defining coronary artery anatomy with selective anterograde coronary arteriography (98 ± 2%) was significantly (p < 0.05) greater than that achieved with balloon occlusion aortography (69 ± 6%). There were no deaths with catheterization in either study group. Morbidity was similar in the groups with balloon occlusion aortography (7%) and selective anterograde coronary arteriography (6%) (p > 0.05) and was related to transient bradycardia induced by catheter manipulation in the right ventricle. No patient in either study group experienced cardiac ischemia.
Conclusions. Selective anterograde coronary arteriography is an accurate and safe technique for the definition of coronary artery pattern in neonates with d-transposition of the great arteries.
- Received March 19, 1992.
- Revision received July 13, 1992.
- Accepted July 21, 1992.