Author + information
- Received June 11, 1992
- Revision received September 2, 1992
- Accepted September 9, 1992
- Published online March 15, 1993.
- Harvey S. Hecht, MD, FACC∗,
- Larry DeBord, MS, RCCS,
- Richard Shaw, PhD,
- Robert Dunlap, MD, FACC,
- Colman Ryan, MD, FACC,
- Simon H. Stertzer, MD, FACC and
- Richard K. Myler, MD, FACC
- ↵∗Address for correspondence: Harvey S. Hecht, MD, San Francisco Heart Institute, Seton Medical Center, 1900 Sullivan Avenue, Daly City, California 94015.
Objectives. The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of digital supine bicycle stress echocardiography, a new technique for evaluating coronary artery disease during peak exercise.
Background. Prior stress echocardiographic techniques have not utilized peak exercise imaging to determine the extent and location of coronary artery disease.
Methods. Two-hundred twenty-two patients were studied: 180 underwent both supine bicycle stress echocardiography and coronary arteriography; 42 had a <5% likelihood of disease. Forty-three patients had normal coronary arteries, 55 had single-vessel, 42 had double-vessel and 40 had triple-vessel coronary artery disease.
Results. Supine bicycle stress echocardiography was 93% sensitive, 86% specific and 92% accurate for identifying patients with coronary artery disease irrespective of prior myocardial infarction or achievement of ≥85% maximal predicted heart rate. The “normalcy” rate in the low probability group was 100%. Supine bicycle stress echocardiography was 87% sensitive, 89% specific and 88% accurate for specific vessel identification. The sensitivity was greatest for the left anterior descending compared with the right coronary artery and the left circumflex coronary artery (95% vs. 81% vs. 78%, p < 0.01) and for vessels in patients with double- and triple-vessel compared with single-vessel disease (90% vs. 89% vs. 78%, p < 0.05). The procedure was significantly more sensitive for detection of vessels with 90% to 100% compared with 50% to 70% diameter stenosis (91% vs. 81%, p < 0.05) and was 88% correct in the prediction of multivessel disease.
Conclusions. Supine bicycle stress echocardiography is a highly accurate tool for evaluating coronary artery disease, identifying both the patient with coronary artery disease and the location and extent of disease.
- Received June 11, 1992.
- Revision received September 2, 1992.
- Accepted September 9, 1992.