Author + information
- Received September 17, 1992
- Revision received January 19, 1993
- Accepted January 27, 1993
- Published online August 1, 1993.
- Gabriela M. Hecht, MD,
- Heinrich G. Klues, MD,
- William C. Roberts, MD, FACC and
- Barry J. Maron, MD, FACC∗
- ↵∗Address for correspondence: Barry J. Maron, MD, Cardiovascular Research Division, Minneapolis Heart Institute, 920 East 28th Street, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55407.
Objectives. The purpose of this study to determine the occurrence of sudden cardiac death of end-stage heart failure, two phases of the natural history hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, in closely related relatives.
background. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetically transmitted cardiac disease with a particularly diverse clinical and morphologic spectrum. Premature death usually occur either suddenly or as a result of progressive congestive heart failure.
Methods. We describe seven families with genetically transmitted hypertrophic cardiomyopathy that were studied with echocardiography or necropsy, or both, and were selected because they were known to include relatives who had incurred either premature sudden cardiac death or the end-stage phase of the disease.
Results. The seven families comprised 128 relatives; 26 died suddenly, and 9 developed end-stage heart failure (including 2 with heart transplantation) associated with left ventricular cavity enlargement, wall thinning or decreased contractility, alone or in combination, as well as loss of outflow obstruction. Patients who died suddenly did so at younger ages (23 ± 10 years) than did patients who died or required heart transplantation in the end-stage phase of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (42 ± 8 years, p < 0.001).
Conclusions. This study demonstrate that family members with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, despite a common genetic substrate, may exibit markedly diverse and distinct exopressions of the natural history of their disease, which occur at widely separated periods of life.
- Received September 17, 1992.
- Revision received January 19, 1993.
- Accepted January 27, 1993.