Author + information
- Received November 17, 1992
- Revision received August 23, 1993
- Accepted September 8, 1993
- Published online February 1, 1994.
- Greg Ensing, MD, FACC1,∗,
- James Seward, MD FACC1,∗,
- Robert Darragh, MD1 and
- Randall Caldwell, MD, FACC1
- ↵∗Address for correspondence: Dr. Gregory Ensing, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, 126 Riley Research, James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, 702 Barnhill, Indiana University Medical Center, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202.
Objectives. This study was designed to determine the feasibility of Doppler generation of accurate, complete right ventricular and pulmonary artery pressure curves in patients with Dopplermeasurable tricuspid and pulmonary regurgitation.
Background. Doppler-derived flow velocities have been used to assess right ventricular systolic pressure; pulmonary artery systolic, diastolic and mean pressures, and left ventricular systolic and diastolic pressures. Instantaneous gradient across any area of discrete narrowing is accurately derived using the simplified Bernoulli equation (4V2). Invasive catheterization is currently the only means of generating intracardiac pressure curves. Noninvasively derived pressure curves using Doppler echocardiography would be a considerable advance in the assessment of normal and pathologic cardiac hemodynamics.
Methods. Right ventricular and pulmonary artery pressure curves were generated in 18 of 22 patients with measurable tricuspid and pulmonary valve regurgitation using superimposition of Doppler-measured tricuspid and pulmonary valve blood flow velocities on an assumed right atrial pressure. Dopplermeasured right ventricular and pulmonary artery pressure curves were compared with simultaneous catheterization-measured curves.
Results. Doppler-derived pulmonary artery systolic pressure (Doppler PAP) correlated with simultaneous catheter-measured pulmonary artery pressure (Cath PAP) by the equation Doppler PAP = 0.92(Cath PAP) + 4.5, r = 0.98. Other Doppler-derived pressure measurements that correlated at near identity with the catheterization-measured corresponding measurement include Doppler-derived pulmonary artery mean pressure (Doppler mean PAP) [Doppler mean PAP = 0.85(Cath mean PAP) + 2.6, r = 0.97], and Doppler-derived right ventricular pressure (Doppler RVP) [Doppler RVP = 0.84(Cath measured RVP) + 7.9, r = 0.98]. Doppler-derived pulmonary artery diastolic pressure (Doppler PAP diast) did not correspond as well in this study [Doppler PAP diast = 0.45(Cath PAP diast) + 6.6, r = 0.83].
Conclusions. Clinically usable right ventricular and pulmonary artery pressure curves can be derived by superimposing Dopplermeasured tricuspid and pulmonary valve blood flow velocities in patients with tricuspid and pulmonary valve regurgitation.
☆ This study was supported by the James Whitcomb Riley Memorial Association, Indianapolis, Indiana. It was presented in part at the 41st Annual Scientific Session of the American College of Cardiology, Dallas, Texas, April 1992.
- Received November 17, 1992.
- Revision received August 23, 1993.
- Accepted September 8, 1993.