Author + information
- Received April 29, 1993
- Revision received October 4, 1993
- Accepted October 20, 1993
- Published online March 1, 1994.
- Steven J. Kalbfleisch, MD,
- S.Adam Strickberger, MD,
- Brian Williamson, MD,
- Vicken R. Vorperian, MD,
- Ching Man, DO,
- John D. Hummel, MD,
- Jonathan J. Langberg, MD, FACC1 and
- Fred Morady, MD, FACC∗
- ↵∗Address for correspondence: Dr. Fred Morady, University of Michigan Medical Center, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Division of Cardiology, UH BI F245, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-0022.
Objectives. The purpose of this study was to prospectively compare in random fashion an anatomic and an electrogram mapping approach for ablation of the slow pathway of atrioventricular (AV) node reentrant tachycardia.
Background. Ablation of the slow pathway in patients with AV node reentrant tachycardia can be performed by using either an anatomic or an electrogram mapping approach to identify target sites for ablation. These two approaches have never been compared prospectively.
Methods. Fifty consecutive patients with typical AV node reentrant tachycardia were randomly assigned to undergo either an anatomic or an electrogram mapping approach for ablation of the slow AV node pathway. In 25 patients randomly assigned to the anatomic approach, sequential radiofrequency energy applications were delivered along the tricuspid annulus from the level of the coronary sinus ostium to the His bundle position. In 25 patients assigned to the electrogram mapping approach, target sites along the posteromedial tricuspid annulus near the coronary sinus ostium were sought where there was a multicomponent atrial electrogram or evidence of a possible slow pathway potential. If the initial approach was ineffective after 12 radiofrequency energy applications, the alternative approach was then used.
Results. The anatomic approach was effective in 21 (84%) of 25 patients, and the electrogram mapping approach was effective in all 25 patients (100%) randomly assigned to this technique (p = 0.1). The four patients with an ineffective anatomic approach had a successful outcome with the electrogram mapping approach. On the basis of intention to treat analysis, there were no significant differences between the electrogram mapping approach and the anatomic approach with respect to the time required for ablation (28 ± 21 and 31 ± 31 min, respectively, mean ± SD, p = 0.7) duration of fluoroscopic exposure (27 ± 20 and 27 ±18 min, respectively, p = 0.9) or mean number of radiofrequency applications delivered (6.3 ± 3.9 vs. 7.2 ± 8.0, p s 0.6). With both the anatomic and electrogram mapping approaches, the atrial electrogram duration and number of peaks in the atrial electrogram were significantly greater at successful target sites than at unsuccessful target sites.
Conclusions. The anatomic and electrogram mapping approaches for ablation of the slow AV nodal pathway are comparable in efficacy and duration. If the anatomic approach is initially attempted and fails, the electrogram mapping approach may be successful at sites outside the areas targeted in the anatomic approach. With both the anatomic and electrogram mapping approaches, there are significant differences in the atrial electrogram configuration between successful and unsuccessful target sites.
- Received April 29, 1993.
- Revision received October 4, 1993.
- Accepted October 20, 1993.