Author + information
- Received August 2, 1993
- Revision received January 20, 1994
- Accepted February 10, 1994
- Published online July 1, 1994.
- Frederic Anselme, MD,
- Nadir Saoudi, MD∗,
- Michel Redonnet, MD and
- Brice Letac, MD, FACC
- ↵∗Address for correspondence: Dr. Nadir Saoudi, Centre Hospitalier et Universitaire de Rouen, Hôpital Charles Nicolle, Groupe de Recherche VACOMED, 1 rue de Germont, 76000 Rouen, France.
Objectives. In two patients with orthotopic heart transplantation, the surface electrocardiogram suggested interaction between the donor right atrium and the recipient right atrium. An electrophysiologic investigation was performed to assess possible atrioatrial conduction.
Background. After orthotopic heart transplantation, both recipient and donor atrial activities are usually independent, but in humans they may synchronize for short periods during exercise.
Methods. Electrophysiologic recordings were made using standard techniques. The atrial electrode locations (anterior for the donor and posterior for the recipient right atria) were confirmed by fluoroscopy. Incremental and programmed donor and recipient right atrial pacing protocols were performed.
Results. Unidirectional conduction between native and graft atria occurred in both patients. This phenomenon was evident at rest, during normal sinus rhythm and at various pacing rates, resulting in frequent atrial bigeminy and trigeminy.
Conclusions. Possible atrioatrial conduction after orthotopic heart transplantation may potentially be arrhythmogenic for the chamber where extrasystoles occur. This should be taken into account in attempting to devise new pacing modes if both atria are rendered electrically common.
- Received August 2, 1993.
- Revision received January 20, 1994.
- Accepted February 10, 1994.