Author + information
- Received December 3, 1993
- Revision received February 16, 1994
- Accepted February 25, 1994
- Published online July 1, 1994.
- Monty M. Bodenheimer, MD, FACC∗,a,b,
- Deborah Sauer, RNa,b,
- Babar Shareef, MDa,b,
- Mary W. Brown, RN, MS∗,a,b,
- Joseph L. Fleiss, PhD†,a,b and
- Arthur J. Moss, MD, FACC∗,a,b
- ↵∗Address for correspondence: Dr. Monty M. Bodenheimer, Chief of Cardiology, The Harris Chasanoff Heart Institute, Room 2135, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, New York 11042.
Objectives. We sought to compare the likelihood of stroke in patients with anterior versus nonanterior myocardial infarction.
Background. The association between anterior infarction and left ventricular thrombus has led to the assumption that embolization from thrombi is an important cause of stroke in patients with anterior infarction. We hypothesized that if anterior infarction is a cause of left ventricular thrombi, the number of strokes should be disproportionately higher in patients with anterior than nonanterior infarction.
Methods. We performed a retrospective analysis of 2,466 patients randomized from day 3 to day 15 after infarction as part of a multicenter placebo-controlled study of diltiazem to prevent cardiac death or myocardial infarction. Any acute focal cerebral disorder resulting in localizing findings characterized as a stroke or transient ischemic attack was considered an event.
Results. Of 91 events during a follow-up period of 12 to 52 months, 23 (3.2%) occurred in 724 patients with an anterior and 68 (3.9%) in 1,742 patients with a nonanterior myocardial infarction (relative risk 0.81; 95% confidence interval 0.51 to 1.30). Power analysis revealed that the negativity of the study was not the result of inadequate sample size. Life table analysis showed no difference in cumulative event rate (p = 0.42) according to site of infarction. Cox regression analysis showed that of 10 clinical covariates, only systolic blood pressure was predictive of stroke (p < 0.001). The use of warfarin did not contribute to the model. Finally, the addition of site of infarction (anterior vs. nonanterior) did not contribute significantly to the Cox model.
Conclusions. Although there is a significant incidence of stroke after acute myocardial infarction, there is no relation between the occurrence of stroke and site of infarction. These data do not support the presumed causal relation between anterior myocardial infarction, thrombus and stroke.
☆ This study was supported by a consortium grant from Godecke Aktiengesellschaft, Freiburg, Germany; Laboratories Dr Esteve, SA, Barcelona, Spain; Marion Laboratories, Inc., Kansas City, Missouri; Nordic Laboratories, Inc., Laval, Quebec, Canada; Lars Synthelabo, Paris, France; Tanabe Seiyaku Co. Ltd., Osaka, Japan; and Warner-Lambert International, Morris Plains, New Jersey.
- Received December 3, 1993.
- Revision received February 16, 1994.
- Accepted February 25, 1994.