Author + information
- Received November 15, 1993
- Revision received March 2, 1994
- Accepted March 11, 1994
- Published online August 1, 1994.
- Domenico Bonaduce, MDa,∗,
- Mario Petretta, MDa,
- Federico Piscione, MDa,
- Ciro Indolfi, MDa,
- Marie Louise Migaux, MS∗,
- Valter Bianchi, MDa,
- Nicola Esposito, MDa,
- Fortunato Marciano, MS∗ and
- Massimo Chiariello, MD, FACCa
- ↵∗Address for correspondence: Dr. Domenico Bonaduce, via A. Falcone, 394, 80127, Naples, Italy.
Objectives. This study evaluated the relation between reversible segmental left ventricular dysfunction and frequency domain measures of heart period variability in patients with coronary artery disease.
Background. Heart period variability is frequently reduced in patients with coronary artery disease. However, the mechanisms of this reduction are still unclear. Methods. Echocardiographic left ventricular wall motion and frequency domain measures of heart period variability were evaluated in 32 patients with one-vessel coronary artery disease before and 16 to 24 days after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. Of these, 12 patients (Group A) had normal and 20 patients (Group B) had abnormal regional wall motion. A control group of 15 healthy subjects (Group C) underwent 24-h Holter recording twice at 2-week intervals to check for spontaneous variations.
Results. At baseline, low and high frequency power were lower in Group B than in Groups A and C, whereas no difference was detectable in ultra low and very low frequency and total power. After coronary angioplasty, regional wall motion and frequency domain measures of heart period variability were unchanged in Group A. In Group B the mean (±SD) summed segment score improved from 17.1 ± 3.6 to 12.8 ± 2.0 (p < 0.01), and mean low and high frequency power (logarithmic units) increased from 6.14 ± 0.23 to 6.35 ± 0.34 (p < 0.01) and from 5.43 ± 0.32 to 5.68 ± 0.52 (p < 0.01), respectively. Furthermore, low and high frequency power, lower at baseline in Group B than in the other two groups, were comparable in the three groups after coronary angioplasty.
Conclusions. This study demonstrates that segmental left ventricular dysfunction is involved in determining sympathovagal imbalance in patients with one-vessel coronary artery disease; the reversal of left ventricular dysfunction by successful coronary angioplasty improves the heart period power spectrum. Thus, alterations in cardiac geometry influence the discharge of afferent sympathetic mechanoreceptors, contributing to the derangement in autonomic control of heart rate.
- Received November 15, 1993.
- Revision received March 2, 1994.
- Accepted March 11, 1994.