Author + information
- Received January 13, 1994
- Revision received March 11, 1994
- Accepted March 16, 1994
- Published online August 1, 1994.
- Johji Naito, MD,
- Tohru Masuyama, MD∗,
- Jun Tanouchi, MD,
- Toshiaki Mano, MD,
- Hiroya Kondo, MD,
- Kazuhiro Yamamoto, MD,
- Reiko Nagano, MD,
- Masatsugu Hori, MD,
- Michitoshi Inoue, MD and
- Takenobu Kamada, MD
- ↵∗Address for correspondence: Dr. Tohru Masuyama. First Department of Medicine, Osaka University School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita 565.
Objectives. This study was undertaken to differentiate hypertrophic cardiomyopathy from hypertensive hypertrophy using a newly developed M-mode format integrated backscatter imaging system capable of calibrating myocardial integrated backscatter with the power of Doppler signals from the blood.
Background. Myocardial integrated ultrasound backscatter changes in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; however, it is unknown whether ultrasound myocardial tissue characterization may be useful in differentiating hypertrophic cardiomyopathy from hypertensive hypertrophy.
Methods. Calibrated myocardial integrated backscatter and its transmural gradient were measured in the septum and posterior wall in 31 normal subjects, 13 patients with hypertensive hypertrophy and 22 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The gradient in integrated backscatter was determined as the ratio of calibrated integrated backscatter in the endocardial half to that in the epicardial half of the myocardium.
Results. Cyclic variation of integrated backscatter was smaller and calibrated myocardial integrated backscatter higher in patients with hypertrophied hearts than in normal subjects, but there were no significant differences in either integrated backscatter measure between patients with hypertensive hypertrophy and those with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Transmural gradient in myocardial integrated backscatter was present only in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (5.0 +- 1.8 dB [mean +- SD] for the septum; 1.2 +- 1.6 dB for the posterior wall).
Conclusions. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and ventricular hypertrophy due to hypertension can be differentiated on the basis of quantitative analysis of the transmural gradient in integrated backscatter.
☆ This study was supported in part by the Suzuken Memorial Foundation. Nagoya, Japan.
- Received January 13, 1994.
- Revision received March 11, 1994.
- Accepted March 16, 1994.