Author + information
- Received November 19, 1993
- Revision received April 29, 1994
- Accepted May 10, 1994
- Published online October 1, 1994.
- Jean-Claude Tardif, MD1,
- Mani A. Vannan, MBBS,
- Kenneth Taylor, MD,
- Steven L. Schwartz, MD, FACC and
- Natesa G. Pandian, MD, FACC∗
- ↵∗Address for correspondence: Dr. Natesa G. Pandian, New England Medical Center, 750 Washington Street, Box 32, Boston, Massachusetts 02111.
Objectives. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of multiplane transesophageal echocardiography in assessing the coronary artery tree.
Background. Evaluation of coronary disease with single-plane and biplane transesophageal echocardiography is limited to the very proximal vessels. The numerous views provided by multiplane imaging may enhance visualization of coronary arteries and detection of their abnormalities.
Methods. Intraoperativc multiplane transesophageal echocardiography was performed in 45 consecutive adults who had recently undergone angiography. Recordings were reviewed in blinded manner.
Results. We describe the coronary segments visualized with the diferent imaging planes and define new views. The left main coronary artery with its bifurcation was visualized in all 45 patients. Sensitivity and specificity for detection of coronary narrowings were 100% when results were compared with angiographic data. Visualization of proximal, mid and distal segments of the left anterior descending coronary artery was possible in 69%, 31% and 16% of patients, respectively. Among patients in whom the proximal segment was visualized, sensitivity and specificity for detection of significant narrowings were 80% and 100%. Proximal, mid and distal portions of the left circumflex coronary artery were visisalized in 80%, 51% and 20% of patients. Among patients in whom the proximal portion was well seen, sensitivity and specificity were 89% and 100%. The proximal, mid and distal portions of the right coronary artery were visualized in 84%, 16% and 11% of patients. Among patients in whom the proximal segment was visualized, sensitivity and specificity were 82% and 100%. Color Doppler examination was less useful because it detected only 52% of all patients with proximal stenosis.
Conclusions. Multiplane transesophageal echocardiography allows enhanced visualization of extended lengths of coronary arteries and the reliable identification of coronary artery abnormalities.
- Received November 19, 1993.
- Revision received April 29, 1994.
- Accepted May 10, 1994.