Author + information
- Received December 8, 1993
- Revision received July 3, 1994
- Accepted July 13, 1994
- Published online December 1, 1994.
- John W. Dean, DM, MRCP†∗,
- Sien Yen Ho, PhD, MRCPath†,1,
- Edward Rowland, MD∗,
- Jessica Mann, MD∗ and
- Robert H. Anderson, BSc, MD, FRCPath∗,†,1
- ↵∗Address for correspondence: Dr. Robert H. Anderson, Department of Paediatrics, National Heart and Lung Institute, Dowehouse Street, London SW3 6LY, England, United Kingdom.
Objectives. This study reevaluated the anatomy of the areas anterior and posterior to the atrioventricular (AV) septal structures, previously said to represent anterior and posterior septal areas.
Background. In descriptions of the locations of accessory AV pathways within the AV junctions, four regions have been recognized: the left and right free walls and the anterior and posterior septums. On the basis of known facts concerning cardiac structure, it is questionable whether these so-called septums are truly septal.
Methods. Ten human hearts were dissected to elucidate the clinical anatomy of these purportedly septal regions, together with the overall arrangement of the AV junctions.
Results. Theqw true septal components of the AV junctions are the muscular and membranous AV septal areas. These separate the cavity of the right atrium from that of the left ventricle. The region previously designated as the anterior septum is part of the right parietal junction. It is contiguous with the membranous part of the septum but extends anteriorly and laterally from the septum as part of the supraventricular crest of the right ventricle (“crista supraventricularis”). In the region posterior to and beneath the mouth of the coronary sinus, only the most anterior extent, in continuity with the central fibrous body, is part of the muscular AV septum. The posterior extent of this area roofs over the diverging right and left ventricular walls and is filled in with fibroareolar tissue of the AV groove.
Conclusions. The latger part of the regions anterior and posterior to the true AV septal areas are not septal but are parts of the parietal AV junctions. An understanding of these anatomic relations is essential for those wishing to modify conduction across the AV junctions.
- Received December 8, 1993.
- Revision received July 3, 1994.
- Accepted July 13, 1994.