Author + information
- Received April 13, 1994
- Revision received November 22, 1994
- Accepted December 8, 1994
- Published online April 1, 1995.
- Alberto Margonato, MD, FESC,
- Sergio L. Chierchia, MD, FESC, FACC*,
- Robert G. Xuereb, MD, MRCP(UK),
- Mariosa Xuereb, MD, MRCP(UK),
- Gabriele Fragasso, MD,
- Alberto Cappelletti, MD,
- Claudio Landoni, MD,
- Giovanni Lucignani, MD and
- Ferruccio Fazio, MD
- ↵*Address for correspondence: Dr. Sergio L. Chierchia, Division of Cardiology, Istituto Scientifico H. San Raffaele, Via Olgettina 60, 20132 Milano, Italy.
Objectives. We evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of exercise-induced ST segment elevation for the detection of residual myocardial viability.
Background. Assessment of residual viability after myocardial infarction is relevant for establishing indication for revascularization. We have previously shown that exercise-induced ST segment elevation is a marker of residual viability.
Methods. We studied 34 patients with a previous Q wave myocardial infarction (anterior in 21, inferior in 13) of whom 18 (group A) had exercise-induced ST segment elevation in more than one lead (mean [±SD] 1.8 ± 0.9 mm, range 1 to 4) and 16 (group B) did not. All patients underwent rest technetium-99m methoxyisobutyl isonitrile single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), fluorine-18 (F-18) fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and coronary angiography. The time elapsed between the infarction and the viability study was 72 ± 108 days (range 15 to 400) in group A and 516 ± 545 days (range 14 to 1,800) in group B.
Results. The presence and site of previous infarction were confirmed by SPECT studies in all 34 patients. Uptake of F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose within the infarcted area was present in 18 of 18 patients in group A but in only 9 (56%) of 16 in group B (p < 0.01). In patients with an anterior infarction, the sensitivity, specificity and predictive accuracy of exercise-induced ST segment elevation for detection of residual viability were 82%, 100% and 86%, respectively (95% confidence intervals 46% to 83.5%, 59% to 100% and 55.6% to 87.1%, respectively).
Conclusions. Exercise-induced ST segment elevation in infarct-related leads has a high specificity and acceptable sensitivity for detection of residual viability within the infarcted area.
- Received April 13, 1994.
- Revision received November 22, 1994.
- Accepted December 8, 1994.
- North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology; American College of Cardiology; American Heart Association, Inc.; and European Society of Cardiology.