Author + information
- Received December 19, 1994
- Revision received March 22, 1995
- Accepted March 31, 1995
- Published online August 1, 1995.
- Ken Hirose, MD, PhD,
- Judd E. Reed, BS and
- John A. Rumberger, PhD, MD, FACC1
- ↵1Address for correspondence: Dr. John A. Rumberger, Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, Minnesota 55905.
Objectives. This study investigated serial changes in regional right ventricular free wall and interventricular septal wall lengths during the first 4 to 5 years after an index anterior wall myocardial infarction.
Background. We previously demonstrated that remodeling after anterior wall myocardial infarction was a biventricular process; however, regional changes in biventricular topology were not investigated.
Methods. Serial electron beam computed tomographic scanning was performed in 19 patients at five times (hospital discharge and at 6 weeks, 6 months, 1 year and 4 to 5 years) after an index anterior wall myocardial infarction, and global and regional right ventricular free wall and interventricular septal wall lengths were quantified.
Results. At a mean (±SD) of 1,642 ± 171 days (4 to 5 years) after infarction, global end-diastolic and end-systolic right ventricular free wall and interventricular septal wall lengths increased in parallel by 13% to 23% as global left and right ventricular volumes increased 22% to 29% from hospital discharge to 4 to 5 years after infarction. When global right ventricular free wall was compared with interventricular septal wall lengths, percent increases at end-diastole and end-systole were not statistically different at any time during the study period. Distinct regional changes in both right ventricular free wall and interventricular septal wall lengths after infarction were most dramatic during the first 6 weeks and primarily confined to the most apical levels. However, further and significant increases in both were observed by 4 to 5 years after infarction.
Conclusions. Changes in both right ventricular free wall and interventricular septal wall lengths were apparent during the 4 to 5 years after the index anterior wall infarction, and the combination of both contributed to global increases in right and left ventricular chamber volumes. Regional changes in both right ventricular free wall and interventricular septal wall lengths were almost exclusively confined to their respective apices and progressed generally in parallel; however, the cause-and-effect relation remains speculative at the present time.
☆ This study was supported by an Established Investigator Award from the American Heart Association, Dallas, Texas to Dr. Rumberger and by the Mayo Clinic and Foundation.
- Received December 19, 1994.
- Revision received March 22, 1995.
- Accepted March 31, 1995.