Author + information
- Received September 21, 1994
- Revision received February 14, 1995
- Accepted March 31, 1995
- Published online August 1, 1995.
- ↵1Address for correspondence: Dr. Juan Carlos Kaski, Department of Cardiological Sciences, St. George's Hospital Medical School, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 ORE, England.
Objectives. Our aim was to compare the short-term evolution of “target” versus “nontarget” stenoses in patients awaiting coronary angioplasty.
Background. Coronary angioplasty is effective therapy for angina pectoris, but coronary events occur after successful angioplasty that are caused by both restenosis and progression of mild preexisting nontarget stenoses.
Methods. We prospectively studied 161 consecutive patients with stable angina (124 men and 37 women). After diagnostic angiography, target stenoses for angioplasty and nontarget lesions were identified. Patients were put on a routine waiting list and followed up regularly until repeat coronary arteriography was performed (mean ± SD 7 ± 3 months), either immediately before angioplasty (138 patients) or soon after an acute coronary event (23 patients), if one occurred. Stenosis diameter was measured by using computerized arteriography. Progression of disease was defined as ≥20% lesion diameter reduction, new total occlusion or development of a “new” stenosis ≥30%.
Results. At study entry, the mean diameter of target (n = 207) and nontarget (n = 184) lesions was 68 ± 9% and 38 ± 9%, respectively (p < 0.001). Disease progression occurred in 33 patients (20%). Seven new lesions (one total occlusion) developed. Eighteen target (9%) and 15 nontarget (8%) stenoses progressed. The power of the study to detect a difference of 1% between the risks of progression of target and nontarget stenoses with a 90% probability was <0.1. Total occlusion developed in 15 (83%) of the 18 target and 6 (40%) of the 15 nontarget stenoses (p = 0.03). During follow-up, a myocardial infarction developed in 3 patients (2%) and unstable angina in 20 (12%). These coronary events were associated with progression of target stenoses in 10 patients and nontarget stenoses in 7 and with the development of new lesions in 1. In five patients coronary events were not associated with stenosis progression.
Conclusions. Despite differences in baseline severity, a similar proportion of target and nontarget lesions progressed rapidly. However, target stenoses were more likely than nontarget lesions to progress to total occlusion. Progression of nontarget stenoses may contribute to recurrence of angina and new coronary events after successful angioplasty and should be considered when developing strategies aimed at improving outcome after angioplasty.
- Received September 21, 1994.
- Revision received February 14, 1995.
- Accepted March 31, 1995.