Author + information
- Received May 11, 1995
- Revision received August 9, 1995
- Accepted August 11, 1995
- Published online January 1, 1996.
- Haruhiko Onaka, MD,
- Yuzo Hirota, MD**,
- Satoshi Shimada, MD,
- Yoshio Kita, MD,
- Yasuhiko Sakai, MD,
- Yoshihide Kawakami, MD,
- Shuji Suzuki, MD and
- Keishiro Kawamura, MD
- ↵**Address for correspondence: Dr. Yuzo Hirota, Third Division, Department of Medicine, Osaka Medical College, 2-7 Daigaku-cho, Takatsuki, Osaka 569, Japan.
Objectives. Using a new, computerized 24-h 12-lead electrocardiographic (ECG) recording and analysis system (the EAGLE system), we sought to evaluate the clinical manifestations of ischemic episodes in patients with variant angina and normal coronary arteries.
Background. Although the prognosis of variant angina without significant organic stenosis is generally good, the incidence of multivessel spasm, a major prognostic factor, is surprisingly high in provocation tests.
Methods. A total of 122 patients with suspected variant or unstable angina underwent 24-h examination with the EAGLE system and two-channel Holter monitoring. Thirty patients in this group were diagnosed as having variant angina with normal or nearly normal coronary arteries. Twenty-two (73%) of these 30 patients developed anginal attacks with ST segment elevation during monitoring and were enrolled in the study.
Results. The 22 patients had a total of 138 episodes of transient ST segment elevation and 13 episodes of ST segment depression. No arrhythmias were observed during ST segment depression, but 26 episodes of ST segment elevation (19%) were associated with arrhythmias: 7 with premature ventricular contractions, 3 with ventricular bigeminy, 3 with complete atrioventricular (AV) block, 1 with complete AV block and couplets of premature ventricular contractions and 12 with marked sinus bradycardia (<45 beats/ min). Ten (45%) of the 22 patients had multivessel spasm. We observed three different patterns of multivessel spasm: 1) spasm at a different site on different occasions (migratory spasm); 2) spasm that sequentially affected two different sites; 3) simultaneous spasm at more than one site. The duration of ST segment elevation was much longer in patients with sequential and simultaneous spasm than in those with single-vessel spasm, and arrhythmias were more frequent during these two types of multivessel spasm.
Conclusions. Although the prognosis of multivessel spasm is believed to be poor, this may not necessarily be so. Anginal attacks due to sequential and simultaneous multivessel spasm seem to be more dangerous than those involving single-vessel spasm or migratory multivessel spasm.
This study was supported by grants from the Fellows' Association of The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine, Tokyo; Fukuda Denshi Ltd., Tokyo; and Tanabe Seiyaku Co. Ltd., Osaka, Japan.
- Received May 11, 1995.
- Revision received August 9, 1995.
- Accepted August 11, 1995.
- American College of Cardiology