Author + information
- Received April 12, 1995
- Revision received August 31, 1995
- Accepted September 8, 1995
- Published online February 1, 1996.
- Arthur M. Stelken, MA,
- Liwa T. Younis, MD PHD*,
- Stephen H. Jennison, MRCP FCP,
- D. Douglas Miller, MD,FACC,
- Leslie W. Miller, MD,FACC,
- Leslee J. Shaw, PHD,
- Debra Kargl, BS and
- Bernard R. Chaitman, MD,FACC
- ↵*Address for correspondence: Dr. Liwa T. Younis, Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, P.O. Box 15250, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110-0250.
Objectives. We tested the hypothesis that percent achieved of predicted peak oxygen uptake (predicted V02max) improves the prognostic accuracy of identifying high risk ambulatory patients with congestive heart failure considered for heart transplantation compared with absolute peak oxygen uptake (V02max) in 181 patients with ischemic or dilated cardiomyopathy.
Background. Peak oxygen uptake during exercise has been shown to be a useful prognostic measurement to risk stratify patients with heart failure. The prognostic value of percent predicted Vo2max has not been assessed in these patients.
Methods. We retrospectively studied 181 ambulatory patients referred to the Saint Louis University Heart Failure Unit. Clinical, hemodynamic (137 patients) and coronary angiographic (145 patients) data were recorded, and all patients underwent symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise.
Results. During a mean follow-up period of 12 ± 6 months, 26 patients died, and 18 were listtd as Status 1 priority for heart transplantation. The actuarial 1- and 2-year survival of the 89 patients who achieved ≤50% predicted V02max was 74% and 43%, respectively, compared with 98% and 90% in the 92 who achieved >50% predicted Vo2max (p = 0.001). Multivariable analysis selected ≤50% predicted V02max as the most significant predictor of cardiac death (p = 0.007) and cardiac death or Status 1 priority (p = 0.0005).
Conclusions. Percent achieved of predicted V02max provides important information that can be used te risk stratify ambulatory patients with heart failure with ischemic or dilated etiology that exceeds that provided by measurement of Vo2max alone. Patients who achieve >50% predicted V02max have as excellent short-term prognosis when treated medically O bestir transplantation can be safely deferred.
This study was supported in part by the liehtenstein Foundation, Saint Luis. Missouri.
- Received April 12, 1995.
- Revision received August 31, 1995.
- Accepted September 8, 1995.