Author + information
- Received May 25, 1995
- Revision received September 5, 1995
- Accepted September 8, 1995
- Published online February 1, 1996.
- Koon-Hou Mak, MBBS,
- Guido Belli, MD,
- Stephen G. Ellis, MD,FACC and
- David J. Moliterno, MD,FACC*
- ↵*Address for correspondence: Dr. David J. Moliterno, Department of Cardiology, F-25, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44195.
During percutaneous coronary revascularization, intracoronary stents are effective in the treatment of abrupt vessel closure and improvement of suboptimal angioplasty results, and compared to balloon angioplasty, they reduce stenosis recurrence. Opposing these benefits, subacute thrombosis of stents is associated with a substantial increase in periprocedural morbidity and mortality. To review factors associated with stent thrombosis and to study the impact of evolving procedural techniques on the incidence of stent thrombosis, we reviewed all English articles from MEDLINE (1988 to 1995) with key words “stent” and “thrombosis”. Stent registry data and recent abstracts from scientific meeting were also reviewed. Factors related to the clinical setting, the lesion, the stent and the procedural technique that affect the risk of stent thrombosis were identified. Sixty clinical studies were reviewed and include 7,914 patients receiving intracoronary stents. Studies were separated into those reporting stents placed emergently or electively without adjunct high-pressure balloon inflations, stents placed in saphenous vein graft conduits, and stents placed with high-pressure balloon inflations but without subsequent oral anticoagulants. Overall, subacute thrombosis was substantially higher in stents placed emergently (10.1%) compared to those placed electively (4.3%). Among contemporary trials employing high-pressure balloon inflations, the rate of stent thrombosis appears markedly lower (1.3%) despite reduced postprocedural anticoagulation. Taken together, these studies suggest factors associated with a heightened risk of stent thrombosis, many of which can be avoided with proper case selection and contemporary techniques.
Dr. Mak is supported by a grant from the Ministry of Health, Singapore.
- Received May 25, 1995.
- Revision received September 5, 1995.
- Accepted September 8, 1995.