Author + information
- Received May 26, 1995
- Revision received September 19, 1995
- Accepted September 29, 1995
- Published online March 1, 1996.
- Matthias Leschke, MDa,
- Frank-Chris Schoebel, MD∗∗,a,
- Wolf-Gang Mecklenbeck, MD∗,
- Dirk Stein, MDa,
- Thomas Walter Jaxa,
- Hans-Wilheim Müller-Gärtner, MD∗ and
- Bodo-Eckehard Strauer, MD, FACCa
- ↵∗∗Address for correspondence: Dr. Frank-Chris Schoebel, Heinrich Heine Universität Düsseldorf, Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik B, Klinik für Kardiologie, Pneumologie und Angiologie, Moorenstrasse 5, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany.
Objectives.This dose-response study was designed to test two low dose regimens of urokinase administered over a prolonged time period in patients with chronic refractory angina pectoris with respect to effects on clinical symptoms and objectives variables of myocardial ischemia.
Background.Patients with severe and chronic refractory angina pectoris in end-stage coronary artery disease represent an increasing clinical problem. Favorable therapeutic effects on myocardial ischemia have been reported for long-term application of low dose urokinase.
Methods.Ninety-eight patients with chronic refractory and end-stage coronary artery disease were randomly assigned to two treatment groups: group A (49 patients) received 50,000 IU and group B (49 patients) 500,000 IU of urokinase as an intravenous bolus injection three times a week over a period of 12 weeks. Variables evaluated were number of weekly anginal events, data from ergometric exercise testing with simultaneous electrocardiographic registration, semiquantitative evaluation of Tc-99m 2-methoxy isobutyl isonitrile (MIBI) scans and rheologic variables.
Results.After 12 weeks of treatment, anginal symptoms (events/week) were reduced significantly in group B by 70% compared with 24% in group A (p < 0.001). Fibrinogen decreased by 3% in group A and by 33% in group B (p < 0.001). Plasma viscosity and red blood cell aggregation were reduced by 6.4% (p < 0.001) and 19.9% (p < 0.001), respectively, in group B. Objectives variables of myocardial ischemia were improved significantly in group B only. No cumulation of coronary ischemic events was observed in group B.
Conclusions.Long-term intermittent urokinase therapy in an applied dose of 3 × 500,000 IU/week represents an effective anti-ischemic and antianginal approach for patients with refractory angina pectoris and end-stage coronary artery disease. Apart from rheologic improvement, antithrombotic properties and plaque regression are likely anti-ischemic mechanisms.
- Received May 26, 1995.
- Revision received September 19, 1995.
- Accepted September 29, 1995.