Author + information
- Received February 27, 1996
- Revision received June 21, 1996
- Accepted July 10, 1996
- Published online November 15, 1996.
- Nestor A. Perez-Baliño, MD, FACC∗∗,
- Osvaldo H. Masoli, MD, FACC∗∗,
- Alejandro H. Meretta, MD∗∗,
- Alfredo Rodriguez, MD, FACC∗∗,
- Daniel E. Cragnolino, MD∗∗,
- Sergio Perrone, MD∗∗,
- Fernando Boullon, MD∗∗,
- Eduardo Mele, MD∗∗,
- Igor Palacios, MD, FACC∗ and
- Kenneth A. Brown, MD, FACC1,†
- ↵1Address for correspondence: Dr. Kenneth A. Brown, Cardiology Unit, Medical Center Hospital of Vermont, Burlington, Vermönt 05401.
Objectives. This study sought to determine whether the response to amrinone in patients with severe baseline left ventricular dysfunction can predict improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction after coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
Background. Previous studies have suggested that the inotropic response to dobutamine can identify viable myocardium in the setting of chronic coronary disease and left ventricular dysfunction. However, increased oxygen demand stimulated by dobutamine can lead to superimposition of ischemia on the hibernating state, potentially confounding interpretation of results. Amrinone is an inotropic agent that does not critically augment myocardial oxygen demand and may be useful for identification of hibernating myocardium in the chronically ischemic state.
Methods. Forty-four consecutive patients with coronary artery disease and left ventricular ejection fraction <40% referred for coronary artery bypass graft surgery underwent amrinone stimulation (1 mg/kg body weight). Left ventricular ejection fraction was determined before amrinone stimulation, 20 min after infusion and 21 days after bypass surgery.
Results. Baseline ejection fraction was 28 ± 7% (mean ± SD). Ejection fraction increased to 35 ± 5% after amrinone stimulation (p < 0.0001) and to 33 ± 6% after bypass surgery (p < 0.0001). Postbypass ejection fraction was significantly correlated with postamrinone ejection fraction (r = 0.65, p < 0.0001). Furthermore, the change in ejection fraction from baseline to after bypass surgery was highly correlated with the change in ejection fraction after amrinone stimulation (r = 0.75, p < 0.0001). Of 13 patients with an increase in ejection fraction <-10% after amrinone, all 13 had an increase of at least 8% and 11 (85%) of 13 had an increase ≥10% after bypass surgery. In contrast, of 31 patients with an increase in ejection fraction <10% after amrinone, only 2 (6%) had an increase ≥10% (p < 0.0001) and 28 (90%) of 31 had an increase <5% after bypass surgery.
Conclusions. Augmentation of myocardial contraction by amrinone in patients with chronic coronary artery disease and severe baseline left ventricular dysfunction predicts improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction after coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
☆ This study was supported by funding from the Fundacion Anchorena, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
- Received February 27, 1996.
- Revision received June 21, 1996.
- Accepted July 10, 1996.