Author + information
- Received January 16, 1996
- Revision received May 17, 1996
- Accepted July 10, 1996
- Published online November 15, 1996.
- Shigeru Maeda, MD1,
- Tamotsu Imai, MD,
- Kenji Kuboki, MD,
- Kouji Chida, MD,
- Chizuko Watanabe, MD and
- Shin-Ichiro Ohkawa, MD, FACC
- ↵1Address for correspondence: Dr. Shigeru Maeda, Division of Cardiology, Tokyo Metropolitan Geriatric Hospital, 35-2 Sakae-cho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173, Japan.
Objectives. We sought to study the pathologic implications of restored positive T waves and persistent negative T waves in the chronic stage of Q wave myocardial infarction.
Background. Some inverted T waves (coronary T waves) become positive after acute myocardial infarction: others retain their negative T wave component for a long time. The pathologic implications of the difference between restored positive T waves and persistent negative T waves in leads with Q waves has not, until now, been given much careful study.
Methods. Of 17 patients with anterior or anteroseptal myocardial infarction confirmed by autopsy, 8 (group P) had positive and 9 (group N) had negative T waves in precordial leads with Q waves ≥ 1 year after the onset of myocardial infarction. The appearance and extent of the infarct area and the degree of coronary artery stenosis were evaluated in both groups.
Results. At autopsy, seven of eight patients in group P had nontransmural fibrotic changes in the anteroseptal or anterior wall. However, seven of nine patients in group N had a transmural myocardial infarction consisting of only a thin fibrotic layer in the anteroseptal or anterior wall. The left anterior descending coronary artery showed 75% stenosis in 1 patient in each group but >90% stenosis in the remaining 15 patients.
Conclusions. Persistent negative T waves in leads with Q waves in the chronic stage of myocardial infarction indicate the presence of a transmural infarction with a thin fibrotic layer, whereas positive T waves indicate a nontransmural infarct containing viable myocardium within the layer.
- Received January 16, 1996.
- Revision received May 17, 1996.
- Accepted July 10, 1996.