Author + information
- Received July 6, 1983
- Revision received October 4, 1983
- Accepted October 7, 1983
- Published online March 1, 1984.
- Susan Rasmussen, RN, MSN,
- D. Eugene Lovelace, BS,
- Suzanne B. Knoebel, MD, FACC,
- Robert Ransburg, MD and
- Betty C. Corya, MDa
- ↵aAddress for reprints: Betty C. Corya, MD, Indiana University School of Medicine, Krannert Institute of Cardiology, 1100 West Michigan Street, Indianapolis, Indiana 46223.
The purpose of this study was to determine the potential of a clinically adaptable two-dimensional echocardiographic system using computer enhancement and a mathematically defined integrated backscatter ratio for the early detection of ischemic and infarcted myocardium. Fifteen dogs had two-dimensional echocardiograms recorded during either open chest coronary occlusion (n = 5), closed chest occlusion (n = 5), occlusion followed by reperfusion (n = 3) or sham coronary occlusion (n = 2). A serial increase in integrated backscatter ratio, representing differences in returned ultrasound intensities between a reference point and specific myocardial regions, was detected between 7 and 12 minutes of complete occlusion in 9 of 12 animals (p < 0.05), and at minutes 18, 43 and 67 in the remaining 3 animals. Reperfusion after 20 minutes of occlusion in two studies resulted in normalization of the backscatter ratio. An increase in backscatter ratio was not detected when 5 minute occlusion periods were used or during the 5 hour sham occlusion studies.
The computer enhancement techniques utilized in this study provided increased visual detail of intracardiac structures over that provided by routine two-dimensional echocardiograms; myocardial tissue was identifiable in what appeared to be echo-free segments; and boundaries that appeared as noncontiguous horizontal lines on the routine echocardiograms were identifiable as trabeculae.
The results indicate that: 1) significant increases in backscatter from nonperfused myocardium are detectable echocardiographically within 12 minutes of coronary occlusion and temporal changes can be assessed in the canine model, and 2) the echocardiographic data acquisition and computer analysis system utilized provide a clinically adaptable approach to identify and map myocardial characteristics in human beings.
- Received July 6, 1983.
- Revision received October 4, 1983.
- Accepted October 7, 1983.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation