Author + information
- Received November 11, 1983
- Accepted November 11, 1983
- Published online April 1, 1984.
- Robert M. Doroghazi, MD*,
- Eve E. Slater, MD, FACCb,
- Roman W. DeSanctis, MD, FACCa,
- Mortimer J. Buckley, MD, FACC,
- W. Gerald Austen, MD, FACC* and
- Simon Rosenthal, PhD
- ↵aAddress for reprints: Roman W. DeSanctis, MD. 15 Parkman Street. Suite 367, Boston, Massachusetts 02114.
Retrospective data on the treatment of aortic dissection at the Massachusetts General Hospital from 1963 to 1978 are reported. During this period, 160 patients with spontaneous aortic dissection were treated by definitive medical or definitive surgical therapy. Patients were classified according to type (proximal versus distal) and duration (acute versus chronic) of dissection. Long-term followup (mean 48 months, range 1 to 147) was available in 156 cases. Hospital and late survival in each of the categories of dissection were evaluated in relation to those features of the dissection itself and of the subsequent therapy that correlated with ultimate survival.
Results show that: 1) chronic presentation was the most significant determinant of both hospital and late survival; 2) in acute dissection, prognosis was determined largely by the presence or absence of major complications, regardless of ultimate therapy; the only complication without adverse effect on survival was aortic insufficiency; 3) late survival after discharge from the hospital was similar for patients with all types of dissection and modes of therapy; and 4) the incidence of late complications from aortic dissection was lower than previously reported. Thus, the success of early definitive medical and surgical treatment was sustained on longterm follow-up.
- Received November 11, 1983.
- Accepted November 11, 1983.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation