Author + information
- Received September 28, 1983
- Revision received December 5, 1983
- Accepted December 15, 1983
- Published online May 1, 1984.
- Marc Terdjman, MD1,
- Jean-Pierre Bourdarias, MD, FACC*,1,
- Jean-Christian Farcot, MD, FACC1,
- Pascal Gueret, MD, FACC1,
- Olivier Dubourg, MD1,
- Alain Ferrier, MD1 and
- Guy Hanania, MD1
- ↵*Address for reprints: Jean-Pierre Bourdarias, MD, Hôpital Ambroise Pare, U.E.R. Paris-Ouest, 9, Avenue Charles de Gaulle, 92100 Boulogne, France.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of echocardiography in the diagnosis of sinus of Valsalva aneurysms projecting toward the right heart cavities. Three patients who had a ruptured aneurysm of a sinus of Valsalva diagnosed by echocardiography and confirmed by catheterization underwent cardiac surgery. In two patients, the aneurysm originated from the right coronary sinus and had perforated into either the inflow or outflow tract of the right ventricle. In the third patient, the aneurysm, which originated from the noncoronary sinus, ruptured into the right atrium. A fourth patient was also investigated and had an unruptured aneurysm of the right coronary sinus projecting into the right ventricular outflow tract.
M-mode, two-dimensional and contrast echocardio-graphic studies were performed before cardiac catheterization in all patients and after surgery in three pa- tients. M-mode echocardiography was Useful only when the aneurysm had an anterior projection, whether or not the aneurysm was ruptured. Conversely, two-dimensional echocardiography was always able to identify the aneurysmal sac which appeared as an abnormal circular thin-walled structure protruding into the right heart cavities. By using multiple views, it was possible to investigate the whole abnormal structure and locate the sinus from which the aneurysm originated. The use of the echo contrast technique allowed more precise definition of the aneurysmal sac and diagnosis of a left to right shunt by demonstrating a negative contrast image in the right cavities. On the other hand, no negative contrast image was recorded in the patient with an unruptured aneurysm or in the two instances of a successful surgically reconstructed aorta.
- Received September 28, 1983.
- Revision received December 5, 1983.
- Accepted December 15, 1983.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation