Author + information
- Received May 9, 1983
- Revision received October 31, 1983
- Accepted December 15, 1983
- Published online May 1, 1984.
- Gregory K. Feld, MD1,
- Koonlawee Nademanee, MD, FACC*,1,
- James Weiss, MD1,
- William Stevenson, MD1 and
- Bramah N. Singh, MD, DPhil, FACC1
- ↵*Address for reprints: Koonlawee Nademanee, MD, Cardiology Section (691/111E), Wadsworth Veterans Administration Medical Center, Wilshire and Sawtelle Boulevards. Los Angeles, California 90073.
Ten patients with refractory recurrent supraventricular tachycardia were found by electrophysiologic study to have bypass tracts and orthodromic atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia. All had failed to respond to conventional antiarrhythmic therapy and were therefore treated with oral amiodarone (1,600 to 2,000 mg/day for 2 weeks, then 800 to 1,200 mg/day for another 2 weeks with subsequent 200 to 600 mg/day maintenance doses). During or after the fourth week of therapy, electrophysiologic study was repeated. In 9 of 10 patients, supraventricular tachycardia could not be reinduced by programmed stimulation. In the remaining patient, non-sustained supraventricular tachycardia (>10 beats, lasting <30 seconds) with a slower basic cycle length than that during the control period was provoked. Significant increases in the effective refractory period of the acces-sory pathway in both the anterograde ( + 26%, p < 0.05) and retrograde ( + 40%, p < 0.02) directions were noted, the magnitude of change being independent of the control effective refractory period. There were also significant increases in the effective refractory period of the right atrium ( + 24%, p < 0.01) and the right ventricle ( + 15%, p < 0.01) during long-term therapy with amiodarone.
Over a mean follow-up period of 20 months, symptomatic control of the arrhythmia occurred in all patients; in only one patient treatment with amiodarone could not be continued because of side effects. These data establish the electrophysiologic basis for the effectiveness of amiodarone in the prophylactic control of refractory paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia complicating the bypass tract syndromes.
- Received May 9, 1983.
- Revision received October 31, 1983.
- Accepted December 15, 1983.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation